How to create a Panda Dataframe from an HTML table using pandas.read_html

It is possible to use Panda Dataframes to scrape directly an HTML table from a URL. This can be incredibly useful and a quick way to extract useful data, when you are in a hurry.

To see how valuable it is, let’s use a concrete example. Imagine that we want to scrape some information about all the GPUs that Nvidia launched recently.

Wikipedia here comes to the rescue as we have fairly accurate information available in this url:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nvidia_graphics_processing_units

We want to extract the table below:
wikipedia_nvidia_gpu_table_screenshot.png

Let’s first import the pandas library

import pandas

Checking the Python docs for pandas.read_html

Before we try reading an HTML table, let’s check the documentation. Here is a quick way to do that directly from Python.

help(pandas.read_html)
Help on function read_html in module pandas.io.html:

read_html(io:Union[str, pathlib.Path, IO[~AnyStr]], match:Union[str, Pattern[~AnyStr]]='.+', flavor:Union[str, NoneType]=None, header:Union[int, Sequence[int], NoneType]=None, index_col:Union[int, Sequence[int], NoneType]=None, skiprows:Union[int, Sequence[int], slice, NoneType]=None, attrs:Union[Dict[str, str], NoneType]=None, parse_dates:bool=False, thousands:Union[str, NoneType]=',', encoding:Union[str, NoneType]=None, decimal:str='.', converters:Union[Dict, NoneType]=None, na_values=None, keep_default_na:bool=True, displayed_only:bool=True) -> List[pandas.core.frame.DataFrame]
    Read HTML tables into a ``list`` of ``DataFrame`` objects.

    Parameters
    ----------
    io : str, path object or file-like object
        A URL, a file-like object, or a raw string containing HTML. Note that
        lxml only accepts the http, ftp and file url protocols. If you have a
        URL that starts with ``'https'`` you might try removing the ``'s'``.

    match : str or compiled regular expression, optional
        The set of tables containing text matching this regex or string will be
        returned. Unless the HTML is extremely simple you will probably need to
        pass a non-empty string here. Defaults to '.+' (match any non-empty
        string). The default value will return all tables contained on a page.
        This value is converted to a regular expression so that there is
        consistent behavior between Beautiful Soup and lxml.

    flavor : str, optional
        The parsing engine to use. 'bs4' and 'html5lib' are synonymous with
        each other, they are both there for backwards compatibility. The
        default of ``None`` tries to use ``lxml`` to parse and if that fails it
        falls back on ``bs4`` + ``html5lib``.

    header : int or list-like, optional
        The row (or list of rows for a :class:`~pandas.MultiIndex`) to use to
        make the columns headers.

    index_col : int or list-like, optional
        The column (or list of columns) to use to create the index.

    skiprows : int, list-like or slice, optional
        Number of rows to skip after parsing the column integer. 0-based. If a
        sequence of integers or a slice is given, will skip the rows indexed by
        that sequence.  Note that a single element sequence means 'skip the nth
        row' whereas an integer means 'skip n rows'.

    attrs : dict, optional
        This is a dictionary of attributes that you can pass to use to identify
        the table in the HTML. These are not checked for validity before being
        passed to lxml or Beautiful Soup. However, these attributes must be
        valid HTML table attributes to work correctly. For example, ::

            attrs = {'id': 'table'}

        is a valid attribute dictionary because the 'id' HTML tag attribute is
        a valid HTML attribute for *any* HTML tag as per `this document
        <https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/dom.html#global-attributes>`__. ::

            attrs = {'asdf': 'table'}

        is *not* a valid attribute dictionary because 'asdf' is not a valid
        HTML attribute even if it is a valid XML attribute.  Valid HTML 4.01
        table attributes can be found `here
        <http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/struct/tables.html#h-11.2>`__. A
        working draft of the HTML 5 spec can be found `here
        <https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/tables.html>`__. It contains the
        latest information on table attributes for the modern web.

    parse_dates : bool, optional
        See :func:`~read_csv` for more details.

    thousands : str, optional
        Separator to use to parse thousands. Defaults to ``','``.

    encoding : str, optional
        The encoding used to decode the web page. Defaults to ``None``.``None``
        preserves the previous encoding behavior, which depends on the
        underlying parser library (e.g., the parser library will try to use
        the encoding provided by the document).

    decimal : str, default '.'
        Character to recognize as decimal point (e.g. use ',' for European
        data).

    converters : dict, default None
        Dict of functions for converting values in certain columns. Keys can
        either be integers or column labels, values are functions that take one
        input argument, the cell (not column) content, and return the
        transformed content.

    na_values : iterable, default None
        Custom NA values.

    keep_default_na : bool, default True
        If na_values are specified and keep_default_na is False the default NaN
        values are overridden, otherwise they're appended to.

    displayed_only : bool, default True
        Whether elements with "display: none" should be parsed.

    Returns
    -------
    dfs
        A list of DataFrames.

    See Also
    --------
    read_csv : Read a comma-separated values (csv) file into DataFrame.

    Notes
    -----
    Before using this function you should read the :ref:`gotchas about the
    HTML parsing libraries <io.html.gotchas>`.

    Expect to do some cleanup after you call this function. For example, you
    might need to manually assign column names if the column names are
    converted to NaN when you pass the `header=0` argument. We try to assume as
    little as possible about the structure of the table and push the
    idiosyncrasies of the HTML contained in the table to the user.

    This function searches for ``<table>`` elements and only for ``<tr>``
    and ``<th>`` rows and ``<td>`` elements within each ``<tr>`` or ``<th>``
    element in the table. ``<td>`` stands for "table data". This function
    attempts to properly handle ``colspan`` and ``rowspan`` attributes.
    If the function has a ``<thead>`` argument, it is used to construct
    the header, otherwise the function attempts to find the header within
    the body (by putting rows with only ``<th>`` elements into the header).

    Similar to :func:`~read_csv` the `header` argument is applied
    **after** `skiprows` is applied.

    This function will *always* return a list of :class:`DataFrame` *or*
    it will fail, e.g., it will *not* return an empty list.

    Examples
    --------
    See the :ref:`read_html documentation in the IO section of the docs
    <io.read_html>` for some examples of reading in HTML tables.

The important parameters are:

  • str – a url to the website with the table you want to extract, or just the HTML of the page as a string.
  • match – a regular expression that identifies the table that you want to extract
  • flavor – this picks the engine doing the scraping. bs4 stands for BeautifulSoup.

Let’s try to import a table with pandas.read_html:

tables =pandas.read_html("https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nvidia_graphics_processing_units")
display(tables)
[              Model             Launch  ...  API support             
               Model             Launch  ...     Direct3D       OpenGL
 0          STG-2000       May 22, 1995  ...          NaN          NaN
 1          Riva 128    August 25, 1997  ...          5.0          1.0
 2        Riva 128ZX  February 23, 1998  ...          5.0          1.0
 3          Riva TNT      June 15, 1998  ...          6.0          1.2
 4             Vanta     March 22, 1999  ...          6.0          1.2
 5          Vanta LT         March 2000  ...          6.0          1.2
 6     Riva TNT2 M64       October 1999  ...          6.0          1.2
 7         Riva TNT2     March 15, 1999  ...          6.0          1.2
 8     Riva TNT2 Pro   October 12, 1999  ...          6.0          1.2
 9   Riva TNT2 Ultra     March 15, 1999  ...          6.0          1.2
 10            Model             Launch  ...     Direct3D       OpenGL
 11            Model             Launch  ...  API support  API support

 [12 rows x 18 columns],
              Model             Launch  ...          Memory Processing power (GFLOPS)
              Model             Launch  ... Bus width (bit)          Single precision
 0  GeForce 256 SDR   October 11, 1999  ...             128                     50[4]
 1  GeForce 256 DDR  December 13, 1999  ...             128                     50[4]

 [2 rows x 17 columns],
                               Model  ...             Memory
                               Model  ...    Bus width (bit)
 0  GeForce2 MX IGP + nForce 220/420  ...              64128
 1                    GeForce2 MX200  ...                 64
 2                       GeForce2 MX  ...                128
 3                    GeForce2 MX400  ...  128 (SDR)64 (DDR)
 4                      GeForce2 GTS  ...                128
 5                      GeForce2 Pro  ...                128
 6                       GeForce2 Ti  ...                128
 7                    GeForce2 Ultra  ...                128
 8                             Model  ...    Bus width (bit)
 9                             Model  ...             Memory

 [10 rows x 16 columns],
             Model             Launch  ...   Memory                
             Model             Launch  ... Bus type Bus width (bit)
 0  GeForce3 Ti200    October 1, 2001  ...      DDR             128
 1        GeForce3  February 27, 2001  ...      DDR             128
 2  GeForce3 Ti500    October 1, 2001  ...      DDR             128

 [3 rows x 16 columns],
                              Model  ...  Supported API version
                              Model  ...                 OpenGL
 0        GeForce4 MX IGP + nForce2  ...                    1.2
 1                   GeForce4 MX420  ...                    1.2
 2                GeForce4 MX440 SE  ...                    1.2
 3                   GeForce MX4000  ...                    1.2
 4                  GeForce PCX4300  ...                    1.2
 5                   GeForce4 MX440  ...                    1.2
 6                GeForce4 MX440 8x  ...                    1.2
 7                   GeForce4 MX460  ...                    1.2
 8                  GeForce4 Ti4200  ...                    1.3
 9               GeForce4 Ti4200 8x  ...                    1.3
 10                 GeForce4 Ti4400  ...                    1.3
 11  GeForce4 Ti4400 8x (Ti4800SE2)  ...                    1.3
 12                 GeForce4 Ti4600  ...                    1.3
 13    GeForce4 Ti4600 8x (Ti48003)  ...                    1.3
 14                           Model  ...  Supported API version
 15                           Model  ...                 OpenGL

 [16 rows x 18 columns],
                  Model            Features                              
                  Model nFiniteFX II Engine Video Processing Engine (VPE)
 0       GeForce4 MX420                  No                           Yes
 1    GeForce4 MX440 SE                  No                           Yes
 2      GeForce4 MX4000                  No                           Yes
 3     GeForce4 PCX4300                  No                           Yes
 4       GeForce4 MX440                  No                           Yes
 5    GeForce4 MX440 8X                  No                           Yes
 6       GeForce4 MX460                  No                           Yes
 7      GeForce4 Ti4200                 Yes                            No
 8   GeForce4 Ti4200 8x                 Yes                            No
 9      GeForce4 Ti4400                 Yes                            No
 10  GeForce4 Ti4400 8x                 Yes                            No
 11     GeForce4 Ti4600                 Yes                            No
 12  GeForce4 Ti4600 8x                 Yes                            No,
                           Model  ...           Memory
                           Model  ...  Bus width (bit)
 0               GeForce FX 5100  ...               64
 1            GeForce FX 5200 LE  ...            64128
 2               GeForce FX 5200  ...            64128
 3         GeForce FX 5200 Ultra  ...              128
 4              GeForce PCX 5300  ...               64
 5               GeForce FX 5500  ...           64 128
 6            GeForce FX 5600 XT  ...           64 128
 7               GeForce FX 5600  ...              128
 8         GeForce FX 5600 Ultra  ...              128
 9   GeForce FX 5600 Ultra Rev.2  ...              128
 10           GeForce FX 5700 VE  ...            64128
 11           GeForce FX 5700 LE  ...            64128
 12              GeForce FX 5700  ...              128
 13             GeForce PCX 5750  ...              128
 14        GeForce FX 5700 Ultra  ...              128
 15  GeForce FX 5700 Ultra GDDR3  ...              128
 16              GeForce FX 5800  ...              128
 17        GeForce FX 5800 Ultra  ...              128
 18           GeForce FX 5900 ZT  ...              256
 19           GeForce FX 5900 XT  ...              256
 20              GeForce FX 5900  ...              256
 21        GeForce FX 5900 Ultra  ...              256
 22             GeForce PCX 5900  ...              256
 23        GeForce FX 5950 Ultra  ...              256
 24             GeForce PCX 5950  ...              256
 25                        Model  ...           Memory
 26                        Model  ...  Bus width (bit)

 [27 rows x 16 columns],
                                  Model  ...              Memory
                                  Model  ...     Bus width (bit)
 0            GeForce 6100 + nForce 410  ...               64128
 1         GeForce 6150 SE + nForce 430  ...               64128
 2         GeForce 6150 LE + nForce 430  ...               64128
 3            GeForce 6150 + nForce 430  ...               64128
 4                      GeForce 6200 LE  ...                  64
 5                        GeForce 6200A  ...               64[8]
 6                         GeForce 6200  ...                 128
 7              GeForce 6200 TurboCache  ...                  64
 8                         GeForce 6500  ...                  64
 9                      GeForce 6600 LE  ...                 128
 10                        GeForce 6600  ...                 128
 11                     GeForce 6600 GT  ...                 128
 12                     GeForce 6800 LE  ...                 256
 13                     GeForce 6800 XT  ...  64[11] 128[12] 256
 14                        GeForce 6800  ...                 256
 15                    GeForce 6800 GTO  ...                 256
 16                     GeForce 6800 GS  ...                 256
 17                     GeForce 6800 GT  ...                 256
 18                  GeForce 6800 Ultra  ...                 256
 19  GeForce 6800 Ultra Extreme Edition  ...                 256
 20                               Model  ...              Memory
 21                               Model  ...     Bus width (bit)

 [22 rows x 16 columns],
                  Model    Features  ...                                      
                  Model OpenEXR HDR  ... Unnamed: 5_level_1 Unnamed: 6_level_1
 0         GeForce 6100          No  ...                NaN                NaN
 1      GeForce 6150 SE          No  ...                NaN                NaN
 2         GeForce 6150          No  ...                NaN                NaN
 3      GeForce 6150 LE          No  ...                NaN                NaN
 4         GeForce 6200          No  ...                NaN                NaN
 5         GeForce 6500          No  ...                NaN                NaN
 6      GeForce 6600 LE         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 7         GeForce 6600         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 8    GeForce 6600 DDR2         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 9      GeForce 6600 GT         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 10     GeForce 6800 LE         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 11     GeForce 6800 XT         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 12        GeForce 6800         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 13    GeForce 6800 GTO         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 14     GeForce 6800 GS         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 15     GeForce 6800 GT         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN
 16  GeForce 6800 Ultra         Yes  ...                NaN                NaN

 [17 rows x 7 columns],
                               Model  ...           Memory
                               Model  ...  Bus width (bit)
 0        GeForce 7025 + nForce 630a  ...           64 128
 1      GeForce 7050PV + nForce 630a  ...           64 128
 2   GeForce 7050 + nForce 610i/630i  ...               64
 3        GeForce 7100 + nForce 630i  ...               64
 4        GeForce 7150 + nForce 630i  ...               64
 5                   GeForce 7100 GS  ...            32 64
 6                   GeForce 7200 GS  ...            32 64
 7                   GeForce 7300 SE  ...            32 64
 8                   GeForce 7300 LE  ...            32 64
 9                   GeForce 7300 GS  ...               64
 10                  GeForce 7300 GT  ...              128
 11                  GeForce 7500 LE  ...             3264
 12                  GeForce 7600 GS  ...              128
 13                  GeForce 7600 GT  ...              128
 14            GeForce 7600 GT 80 nm  ...              128
 15                  GeForce 7650 GS  ...              128
 16                  GeForce 7800 GS  ...              256
 17                  GeForce 7800 GT  ...              256
 18                 GeForce 7800 GTX  ...              256
 19                  GeForce 7900 GS  ...              256
 20                  GeForce 7900 GT  ...              256
 21                 GeForce 7900 GTO  ...              256
 22                 GeForce 7900 GTX  ...              256
 23                 GeForce 7900 GX2  ...              256
 24                  GeForce 7950 GT  ...              256
 25                 GeForce 7950 GX2  ...              256
 26                            Model  ...           Memory
 27                            Model  ...  Bus width (bit)

 [28 rows x 16 columns],
                          Model  ...           Features
                          Model  ... Unnamed: 6_level_1
 0              GeForce 7100 GS  ...                NaN
 1              GeForce 7200 GS  ...                NaN
 2              GeForce 7300 SE  ...                NaN
 3              GeForce 7300 LE  ...                NaN
 4              GeForce 7300 GS  ...                NaN
 5              GeForce 7300 GT  ...                NaN
 6              GeForce 7600 GS  ...                NaN
 7              GeForce 7600 GT  ...                NaN
 8      GeForce 7600 GT (80 nm)  ...                NaN
 9      GeForce 7650 GS (80 nm)  ...                NaN
 10             GeForce 7800 GS  ...                NaN
 11             GeForce 7800 GT  ...                NaN
 12            GeForce 7800 GTX  ...                NaN
 13        GeForce 7800 GTX 512  ...                NaN
 14             GeForce 7900 GS  ...                NaN
 15             GeForce 7900 GT  ...                NaN
 16            GeForce 7900 GTO  ...                NaN
 17            GeForce 7900 GTX  ...                NaN
 18  GeForce 7900 GX2 (GTX Duo)  ...                NaN
 19             GeForce 7950 GT  ...                NaN
 20            GeForce 7950 GX2  ...                NaN

 [21 rows x 7 columns],
                          Model  ...                                           Comments
                          Model  ...                                           Comments
 0        GeForce 8100 mGPU[15]  ...  The block of decoding of HD-video PureVideo HD...
 1        GeForce 8200 mGPU[15]  ...                               PureVideo 3 with VP3
 2        GeForce 8300 mGPU[15]  ...                               PureVideo 3 with VP3
 3          GeForce 8300 GS[16]  ...                                           OEM only
 4              GeForce 8400 GS  ...                                                NaN
 5        GeForce 8400 GS rev.2  ...                                                NaN
 6        GeForce 8400 GS rev.3  ...                                                NaN
 7              GeForce 8500 GT  ...                                                NaN
 8              GeForce 8600 GS  ...                                           OEM only
 9              GeForce 8600 GT  ...                                                NaN
 10            GeForce 8600 GTS  ...                                                NaN
 11             GeForce 8800 GS  ...                                                NaN
 12      GeForce 8800 GTS (G80)  ...                                                NaN
 13  GeForce 8800 GTS 112 (G80)  ...  only XFX, EVGA and BFG models, very short-live...
 14             GeForce 8800 GT  ...                                                NaN
 15      GeForce 8800 GTS (G92)  ...                                                NaN
 16            GeForce 8800 GTX  ...                                                NaN
 17          GeForce 8800 Ultra  ...                                                NaN
 18                       Model  ...                                           Comments
 19                       Model  ...                                           Comments

 [20 rows x 22 columns],
                              Model  ...           Features
                              Model  ... Unnamed: 9_level_1
 0            GeForce 8300 GS (G86)  ...                NaN
 1     GeForce 8400 GS Rev. 2 (G98)  ...                NaN
 2   GeForce 8400 GS Rev. 3 (GT218)  ...                NaN
 3                  GeForce 8500 GT  ...                NaN
 4                  GeForce 8600 GT  ...                NaN
 5                 GeForce 8600 GTS  ...                NaN
 6            GeForce 8800 GS (G92)  ...                NaN
 7           GeForce 8800 GTS (G80)  ...                NaN
 8    GeForce 8800 GTS Rev. 2 (G80)  ...                NaN
 9            GeForce 8800 GT (G92)  ...                NaN
 10          GeForce 8800 GTS (G92)  ...                NaN
 11                GeForce 8800 GTX  ...                NaN
 12              GeForce 8800 Ultra  ...                NaN

 [13 rows x 10 columns],
                             Model  ...              Comments
                             Model  ...              Comments
 0               GeForce 9300 mGPU  ...      based on 8400 GS
 1               GeForce 9400 mGPU  ...      based on 8400 GS
 2             GeForce 9300 GE[18]  ...                   NaN
 3             GeForce 9300 GS[18]  ...                   NaN
 4                 GeForce 9400 GT  ...                   NaN
 5                 GeForce 9500 GT  ...                   NaN
 6                 GeForce 9600 GS  ...                   OEM
 7                GeForce 9600 GSO  ...                   NaN
 8            GeForce 9600 GSO 512  ...                   NaN
 9   GeForce 9600 GT Green Edition  ...  Core Voltage = 1.00v
 10                GeForce 9600 GT  ...                   NaN
 11  GeForce 9800 GT Green Edition  ...  Core Voltage = 1.00v
 12                GeForce 9800 GT  ...                   NaN
 13               GeForce 9800 GTX  ...                   NaN
 14              GeForce 9800 GTX+  ...                   NaN
 15               GeForce 9800 GX2  ...                   NaN
 16                          Model  ...              Comments

 [17 rows x 22 columns],
                    Model  ...           Features
                    Model  ... Unnamed: 9_level_1
 0  GeForce 9300 GE (G98)  ...                NaN
 1  GeForce 9300 GS (G98)  ...                NaN
 2        GeForce 9400 GT  ...                NaN
 3        GeForce 9500 GT  ...                NaN
 4       GeForce 9600 GSO  ...                NaN
 5        GeForce 9600 GT  ...                NaN
 6        GeForce 9800 GT  ...                NaN
 7       GeForce 9800 GTX  ...                NaN
 8      GeForce 9800 GTX+  ...                NaN
 9       GeForce 9800 GX2  ...                NaN

 [10 rows x 10 columns],
              Model          Launch  ... TDP (Watts)      Comments
              Model          Launch  ... TDP (Watts)      Comments
 0    GeForce G 100  March 10, 2009  ...          35  OEM products
 1   GeForce GT 120  March 10, 2009  ...          50  OEM products
 2   GeForce GT 130  March 10, 2009  ...          75  OEM products
 3   GeForce GT 140  March 10, 2009  ...         105  OEM products
 4  GeForce GTS 150  March 10, 2009  ...         141  OEM products

 [5 rows x 22 columns],
               Model  ...                        Release Price (USD)
               Model  ...                        Release Price (USD)
 0       GeForce 205  ...                                        NaN
 1       GeForce 210  ...                                        NaN
 2    GeForce GT 220  ...                                        NaN
 3    GeForce GT 230  ...                                        NaN
 4    GeForce GT 230  ...                                        NaN
 5    GeForce GT 240  ...                                        NaN
 6   GeForce GTS 240  ...                                        NaN
 7   GeForce GTS 250  ...                                        NaN
 8   GeForce GTS 250  ...                           $150($130 512MB)
 9   GeForce GTX 260  ...  $400 (dropped to $270 after 3 months[22])
 10  GeForce GTX 260  ...                                       $300
 11  GeForce GTX 275  ...                                       $250
 12  GeForce GTX 280  ...  $650 (dropped to $430 after 3 months[23])
 13  GeForce GTX 285  ...                                       $400
 14  GeForce GTX 295  ...                                       $500
 15            Model  ...                        Release Price (USD)
 16            Model  ...                        Release Price (USD)

 [17 rows x 23 columns],
                                Model  ...           Features
                                Model  ... Unnamed: 8_level_1
 0                        GeForce 210  ...                NaN
 1                     GeForce GT 220  ...                NaN
 2                     GeForce GT 240  ...                NaN
 3                    GeForce GTS 250  ...                NaN
 4                    GeForce GTX 260  ...                NaN
 5           GeForce GTX 260 Core 216  ...                NaN
 6   GeForce GTX 260 Core 216 (55 nm)  ...                NaN
 7                    GeForce GTX 275  ...                NaN
 8                    GeForce GTX 280  ...                NaN
 9                    GeForce GTX 285  ...                NaN
 10                   GeForce GTX 295  ...                NaN

 [11 rows x 9 columns],
                 Model  ...                                           Comments
                 Model  ...                                           Comments
 0         GeForce 310  ...                   OEM Card, similar to Geforce 210
 1         GeForce 315  ...                 OEM Card, similar to Geforce GT220
 2      GeForce GT 320  ...                                           OEM Card
 3  GeForce GT 330[24]  ...  Specifications vary depending on OEM, similar ...
 4  GeForce GT 330[24]  ...  Specifications vary depending on OEM, similar ...
 5  GeForce GT 330[24]  ...  Specifications vary depending on OEM, similar ...
 6      GeForce GT 340  ...                         OEM Card, similar to GT240

 [7 rows x 20 columns],
                  Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
                  Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
 0         GeForce 4057  ...                  OEM
 1       GeForce GT 420  ...                  OEM
 2       GeForce GT 430  ...                  OEM
 3       GeForce GT 430  ...                  $79
 4       GeForce GT 430  ...                  $79
 5       GeForce GT 440  ...                 $100
 6       GeForce GT 440  ...                  OEM
 7      GeForce GTS 450  ...                  OEM
 8      GeForce GTS 450  ...                 $129
 9   GeForce GTX 460 SE  ...                 $160
 10     GeForce GTX 460  ...                  OEM
 11     GeForce GTX 460  ...                 $199
 12     GeForce GTX 460  ...                 $229
 13     GeForce GTX 460  ...                 $199
 14     GeForce GTX 465  ...                 $279
 15     GeForce GTX 470  ...                 $349
 16     GeForce GTX 480  ...                 $499
 17               Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
 18               Model  ...  Release Price (USD)

 [19 rows x 25 columns],
                            Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
                            Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
 0                    GeForce 510  ...                  OEM
 1                 GeForce GT 520  ...                  $59
 2                 GeForce GT 530  ...                  OEM
 3                 GeForce GT 545  ...                 $149
 4                 GeForce GT 545  ...                  OEM
 5             GeForce GTX 550 Ti  ...                 $149
 6                GeForce GTX 555  ...                  OEM
 7             GeForce GTX 560 SE  ...                  OEM
 8                GeForce GTX 560  ...                 $199
 9             GeForce GTX 560 Ti  ...                 $249
 10            GeForce GTX 560 Ti  ...                  OEM
 11  GeForce GTX 560 Ti 448 Cores  ...                 $289
 12               GeForce GTX 570  ...                 $349
 13               GeForce GTX 580  ...                 $499
 14               GeForce GTX 590  ...                 $699
 15                         Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
 16                         Model  ...  Release Price (USD)

 [17 rows x 26 columns],
                        Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
                        Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
 0               GeForce 6052  ...                  OEM
 1            GeForce GT 6103  ...               Retail
 2            GeForce GT 6204  ...                  OEM
 3            GeForce GT 6204  ...               Retail
 4             GeForce GT 625  ...                  OEM
 5             GeForce GT 630  ...                  OEM
 6             GeForce GT 630  ...               Retail
 7             GeForce GT 630  ...               Retail
 8             GeForce GT 630  ...                  NaN
 9             GeForce GT 635  ...                  OEM
 10           GeForce GT 6408  ...                  OEM
 11           GeForce GT 6408  ...                  OEM
 12           GeForce GT 6408  ...                 $100
 13           GeForce GT 6408  ...                  OEM
 14           GeForce GT 6408  ...                  NaN
 15           GeForce GT 6459  ...                  OEM
 16           GeForce GTX 645  ...                  OEM
 17           GeForce GTX 650  ...                 $110
 18        GeForce GTX 650 Ti  ...           $150 (130)
 19  GeForce GTX 650 Ti Boost  ...           $170 (150)
 20           GeForce GTX 660  ...           $230 (180)
 21           GeForce GTX 660  ...                  OEM
 22        GeForce GTX 660 Ti  ...                 $300
 23           GeForce GTX 670  ...                 $400
 24           GeForce GTX 680  ...                 $500
 25           GeForce GTX 690  ...                $1000
 26                     Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
 27                     Model  ...  Release Price (USD)

 [28 rows x 28 columns],
                              Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
                              Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
 0              GeForce GT 705[42]4  ...                  OEM
 1               GeForce GT 710[43]  ...                  OEM
 2               GeForce GT 710[43]  ...               $35–45
 3               GeForce GT 720[44]  ...               $49–59
 4            GeForce GT 730[45]5,6  ...               $69–79
 5            GeForce GT 730[45]5,6  ...               $69–79
 6            GeForce GT 730[45]5,6  ...               $69–79
 7                  GeForce GT 7407  ...               $89–99
 8                  GeForce GT 7407  ...               $89–99
 9                  GeForce GTX 745  ...                  OEM
 10                 GeForce GTX 750  ...                 $119
 11              GeForce GTX 750 Ti  ...                 $149
 12         GeForce GTX 760 192-bit  ...                  OEM
 13                 GeForce GTX 760  ...          $249 ($219)
 14             GeForce GTX 760 Ti8  ...                  OEM
 15                 GeForce GTX 770  ...          $399 ($329)
 16                 GeForce GTX 780  ...          $649 ($499)
 17  GeForce GTX 780 Ti[50][51][52]  ...                 $699
 18   GeForce GTX TITAN[53][54][55]  ...                 $999
 19         GeForce GTX TITAN Black  ...                 $999
 20             GeForce GTX TITAN Z  ...                $2999
 21                           Model  ...  Release Price (USD)
 22                           Model  ...  Release Price (USD)

 [23 rows x 27 columns],
                          Model  ... Release price (USD)
                          Model  ...                MSRP
 0  GeForce GT 945A[61][62][63]  ...                 OEM
 1          GeForce GTX 950[64]  ...                $159
 2    GeForce GTX 950 (OEM)[66]  ...                 OEM
 3          GeForce GTX 960[67]  ...                $199
 4    GeForce GTX 960 (OEM)[69]  ...                 OEM
 5          GeForce GTX 970[70]  ...                $329
 6          GeForce GTX 980[72]  ...                $549
 7       GeForce GTX 980 Ti[73]  ...                $649
 8      GeForce GTX TITAN X[74]  ...                $999

 [9 rows x 23 columns],
                                Model  ... Release price (USD)
                                Model  ...    Founders Edition
 0                GeForce GT 1010[79]  ...                 NaN
 1            GeForce GT 1030[80][81]  ...                 NaN
 2            GeForce GT 1030[80][81]  ...                 NaN
 3               GeForce GTX 1050[84]  ...                 NaN
 4               GeForce GTX 1050[84]  ...                 NaN
 5            GeForce GTX 1050 Ti[84]  ...                 NaN
 6   GeForce GTX 1060[85][86][87][88]  ...                 NaN
 7   GeForce GTX 1060[85][86][87][88]  ...                 NaN
 8   GeForce GTX 1060[85][86][87][88]  ...                 NaN
 9   GeForce GTX 1060[85][86][87][88]  ...                 NaN
 10  GeForce GTX 1060[85][86][87][88]  ...                 NaN
 11  GeForce GTX 1060[85][86][87][88]  ...                $299
 12  GeForce GTX 1060[85][86][87][88]  ...                 NaN
 13          GeForce GTX 1070[89][90]  ...     $449 ($399)[93]
 14           GeForce GTX 1070 Ti[89]  ...                $449
 15              GeForce GTX 1080[94]  ...     $699 ($549)[93]
 16              GeForce GTX 1080[94]  ...     $699 ($549)[93]
 17           GeForce GTX 1080 Ti[95]  ...                $699
 18                Nvidia TITAN X[96]  ...                 NaN
 19               Nvidia TITAN Xp[97]  ...                 NaN

 [20 rows x 25 columns],
                                 Model  ... Release price (USD)
                                 Model  ...    Founders Edition
 0                  Nvidia TITAN V[98]  ...                 NaN
 1  Nvidia TITAN VCEO Edition[99][100]  ...                 NaN

 [2 rows x 26 columns],
                          Model  ... Release price (USD)
                          Model  ... Release price (USD)
 0        GeForce GTX 1650[101]  ...                $149
 1        GeForce GTX 1650[101]  ...                $149
 2  GeForce GTX 1650 Super[103]  ...                $159
 3        GeForce GTX 1660[106]  ...                $219
 4  GeForce GTX 1660 Super[107]  ...                $229
 5     GeForce GTX 1660 Ti[108]  ...                $279

 [6 rows x 24 columns],
                               Model  ... Release price (USD)
                               Model  ...    Founders Edition
 0             GeForce RTX 2060[109]  ...                 NaN
 1             GeForce RTX 2060[109]  ...                 NaN
 2  GeForce RTX 2060 Super[111][112]  ...                $399
 3        GeForce RTX 2070[113][114]  ...                $599
 4  GeForce RTX 2070 Super[111][115]  ...                $499
 5        GeForce RTX 2080[116][117]  ...                $799
 6  GeForce RTX 2080 Super[111][118]  ...                $699
 7          GeForce RTX 2080 Ti[119]  ...              $1,199
 8             Nvidia TITAN RTX[120]  ...              $2,499

 [9 rows x 28 columns],
                       Model  ... Release price (USD)
                       Model  ...    Founders Edition
 0     GeForce RTX 3060[121]  ...                $329
 1  GeForce RTX 3060 Ti[122]  ...                $399
 2     GeForce RTX 3070[123]  ...                $499
 3     GeForce RTX 3080[126]  ...                $699
 4     GeForce RTX 3090[127]  ...               $1499

 [5 rows x 29 columns],
              Model             Launch  ...   Memory                
              Model             Launch  ... Bus type Bus width (bit)
 0  GeForce2 Go 100   February 6, 2001  ...      DDR              32
 1      GeForce2 Go  November 11, 2000  ...   SDRDDR           12864
 2  GeForce2 Go 200   February 6, 2001  ...      DDR              64

 [3 rows x 15 columns],
               Model             Launch  ... API support       
               Model             Launch  ...    Direct3D OpenGL
 0   GeForce4 Go 410   February 6, 2002  ...        8.0a    1.3
 1   GeForce4 Go 420   February 6, 2002  ...        8.0a    1.3
 2   GeForce4 Go 440   February 6, 2002  ...        8.0a    1.3
 3   GeForce4 Go 460   October 14, 2002  ...        8.0a    1.3
 4   GeForce4 Go 488                NaN  ...        8.0a    1.3
 5  GeForce4 Go 4200  November 14, 2002  ...        8.0a    1.3

 [6 rows x 17 columns],
                  Model            Launch  ... Supported API version TBP (Watts)
                  Model            Launch  ...                OpenGL TBP (Watts)
                  Model            Launch  ...    Drivers (Software) TBP (Watts)
 0  GeForce FX Go 5100*        March 2003  ...                 2.1**    Un­known
 1  GeForce FX Go 5500*        March 2003  ...                 2.1**    Un­known
 2  GeForce FX Go 5600*        March 2003  ...                 2.1**    Un­known
 3  GeForce FX Go 5650*        March 2003  ...                 2.1**    Un­known
 4  GeForce FX Go 5700*  February 1, 2005  ...                 2.1**    Un­known

 [5 rows x 18 columns],
                              Model  ...          Memory
                              Model  ... Bus width (bit)
 0  GeForce Go 6100 + nForce Go 430  ...          64/128
 1  GeForce Go 6150 + nForce Go 430  ...          64/128
 2                  GeForce Go 6200  ...              32
 3                  GeForce Go 6400  ...              64
 4                  GeForce Go 6600  ...             128
 5                  GeForce Go 6800  ...             256
 6            GeForce Go 6800 Ultra  ...             256

 [7 rows x 16 columns],
                   Model  ...                                           Features
                   Model  ...                                           Features
 0         GeForce 7000M  ...                                                NaN
 1         GeForce 7150M  ...                                                NaN
 2      GeForce Go 72002  ...                         Transparency Anti-Aliasing
 3      GeForce Go 73002  ...                         Transparency Anti-Aliasing
 4      GeForce Go 74002  ...                         Transparency Anti-Aliasing
 5       GeForce Go 7600  ...  Scalable Link Interface (SLI), Transparency An...
 6    GeForce Go 7600 GT  ...  Scalable Link Interface (SLI), Transparency An...
 7       GeForce Go 7700  ...  Scalable Link Interface (SLI), Transparency An...
 8       GeForce Go 7800  ...  Scalable Link Interface (SLI), Transparency An...
 9   GeForce Go 7800 GTX  ...  Scalable Link Interface (SLI), Transparency An...
 10   GeForce Go 7900 GS  ...  Scalable Link Interface (SLI), Transparency An...
 11  GeForce Go 7900 GTX  ...  Scalable Link Interface (SLI), Transparency An...
 12  GeForce Go 7950 GTX  ...  Scalable Link Interface (SLI), Transparency An...

 [13 rows x 18 columns],
                   Model  ...                                              Notes
                   Model  ...                                              Notes
 0  GeForce 8200M G[128]  ...  PureVideo HD with VP3, Full H.264 / VC-1 / MPE...
 1       GeForce 8400M G  ...  PureVideo HD with VP2, BSP Engine, and AES128 ...
 2      GeForce 8400M GS  ...  PureVideo HD with VP2, BSP Engine, and AES128 ...
 3      GeForce 8400M GT  ...  PureVideo HD with VP2, BSP Engine, and AES128 ...
 4      GeForce 8600M GS  ...  PureVideo HD with VP2, BSP Engine, and AES128 ...
 5      GeForce 8600M GT  ...  PureVideo HD with VP2, BSP Engine, and AES128 ...
 6      GeForce 8700M GT  ...  Scalable Link Interface, PureVideo HD with VP2...
 7     GeForce 8800M GTS  ...  Scalable Link Interface, PureVideo HD with VP2...
 8     GeForce 8800M GTX  ...  Scalable Link Interface, PureVideo HD with VP2...

 [9 rows x 20 columns],
                    Model  ...                                              Notes
                    Model  ...                                              Notes
 0   GeForce 9100M G mGPU  ...                                 Similar to 8400M G
 1       GeForce 9200M GS  ...                                                NaN
 2        GeForce 9300M G  ...                                                NaN
 3       GeForce 9300M GS  ...                                                NaN
 4        GeForce 9400M G  ...  PureVideo HD with VP3. Known as the GeForce 94...
 5        GeForce 9500M G  ...                                                NaN
 6       GeForce 9500M GS  ...                                 Rebranded 8600M GT
 7       GeForce 9600M GS  ...                                                NaN
 8       GeForce 9600M GT  ...                                                NaN
 9       GeForce 9650M GS  ...                                 Rebranded 8700M GT
 10      GeForce 9650M GT  ...                                                NaN
 11      GeForce 9700M GT  ...                                                NaN
 12     GeForce 9700M GTS  ...                                                NaN
 13      GeForce 9800M GS  ...                Down Clocked 9800M GTS Via Firmware
 14     GeForce 9800M GTS  ...                                                NaN
 15      GeForce 9800M GT  ...                                Rebranded 8800M GTX
 16     GeForce 9800M GTX  ...                                                NaN
 17                 Model  ...                                              Notes
 18                 Model  ...                                              Notes

 [19 rows x 20 columns],
               Model  ...                                              Notes
               Model  ...                                              Notes
 0    GeForce G 102M  ...  PureVideo HD, CUDA, Hybrid SLI, based on GeFor...
 1    GeForce G 103M  ...  PureVideo HD, CUDA, Hybrid SLI, comparable to ...
 2    GeForce G 105M  ...  PureVideo HD, CUDA, Hybrid SLI, comparable to ...
 3    GeForce G 110M  ...                     PureVideo HD, CUDA, Hybrid SLI
 4   GeForce GT 120M  ...  PureVideo HD, CUDA, Hybrid SLI, Comparable to ...
 5   GeForce GT 130M  ...  PureVideo HD, CUDA, Hybrid SLI, comparable to ...
 6  GeForce GTS 150M  ...                     PureVideo HD, CUDA, Hybrid SLI
 7  GeForce GTS 160M  ...                     PureVideo HD, CUDA, Hybrid SLI

 [8 rows x 20 columns],
               Model  ...                                              Notes
               Model  ...                                              Notes
 0     GeForce G210M  ...  Lower clocked versions of the GT218 core is al...
 1   GeForce GT 220M  ...              rebranded 9600M GT @55 nm node shrink
 2   GeForce GT 230M  ...                                                NaN
 3   GeForce GT 240M  ...                                                NaN
 4  GeForce GTS 250M  ...                                                NaN
 5  GeForce GTS 260M  ...                                                NaN
 6  GeForce GTX 260M  ...                                                NaN
 7  GeForce GTX 280M  ...                                                NaN
 8  GeForce GTX 285M  ...  Higher Clocked Version of GTX280M with new memory

 [9 rows x 20 columns],
               Model            Launch  ... Processing power (GFLOPS)2 TBP (Watts)
               Model            Launch  ... Processing power (GFLOPS)2 TBP (Watts)
 0      GeForce 305M  January 10, 2010  ...                      55.00          14
 1      GeForce 310M  January 10, 2010  ...                      73.00          14
 2      GeForce 315M   January 5, 2011  ...                      58.18          14
 3      GeForce 320M     April 1, 2010  ...                     136.80          20
 4   GeForce GT 320M  January 21, 2010  ...                      90.00          14
 5   GeForce GT 325M  January 10, 2010  ...                     142.00          23
 6   GeForce GT 330M  January 10, 2010  ...                     182.00          23
 7   GeForce GT 335M   January 7, 2010  ...                     233.00         28?
 8  GeForce GTS 350M   January 7, 2010  ...                     360.00          28
 9  GeForce GTS 360M   January 7, 2010  ...                     413.00          38

 [10 rows x 19 columns],
               Model  ...                             Notes
               Model  ...                             Notes
 0      GeForce 410M  ...      Similar to Desktop GT420 OEM
 1   GeForce GT 415M  ...      Similar to Desktop GT420 OEM
 2   GeForce GT 420M  ...          Similar to Desktop GT430
 3   GeForce GT 425M  ...          Similar to Desktop GT430
 4   GeForce GT 435M  ...      Similar to Desktop GT430/440
 5   GeForce GT 445M  ...    Similar to Desktop GTS450 OEM)
 6  GeForce GTX 460M  ...      Similar to Desktop GTX550 Ti
 7  GeForce GTX 470M  ...  Similar to Desktop GTX 460/560SE
 8  GeForce GTX 480M  ...         Similar to Desktop GTX465
 9  GeForce GTX 485M  ...      Similar to Desktop GTX560 Ti

 [10 rows x 20 columns],
                    Model  ...                                              Notes
                    Model  ...                                              Notes
 0        GeForce GT 520M  ...                         Similar to Desktop 510/520
 1        GeForce GT 520M  ...  Noticed in Lenovo laptops, similar to Desktop ...
 2       GeForce GT 520MX  ...                     Similar to Desktop 510 & GT520
 3        GeForce GT 525M  ...                  Similar to Desktop GT 530/430/440
 4        GeForce GT 540M  ...                      Similar to Desktop GT 530/440
 5        GeForce GT 550M  ...                      Similar to Desktop GT 530/440
 6        GeForce GT 555M  ...                           Similar to Desktop GT545
 7       GeForce GTX 560M  ...                       Similar to Desktop GTX 550Ti
 8  GeForce GTX 570M[132]  ...                         Similar to Desktop GTX 560
 9       GeForce GTX 580M  ...                      Similar to Desktop GTX 560 Ti

 [10 rows x 20 columns],
                                    Model  ...                                              Notes
                                    Model  ...                                              Notes
 0                      GeForce 610M[133]  ...                             OEM. Rebadged GT 520MX
 1                   GeForce GT 620M[134]  ...                              OEM. Die-Shrink GF108
 2                        GeForce GT 625M  ...                              OEM. Die-Shrink GF108
 3         GeForce GT 630M[134][135][136]  ...  GF108: OEM. Rebadged GT 540MGF117: OEM Die-Shr...
 4         GeForce GT 635M[134][137][138]  ...  GF106: OEM. Rebadged GT 555MGF116: 94% of desk...
 5                GeForce GT 640M LE[134]  ...  GF108: 94% of desktop GT630[original research?...
 6              GeForce GT 640M[134][139]  ...          59% of desktop GTX650[original research?]
 7                        GeForce GT 645M  ...          67% of desktop GTX650[original research?]
 8         GeForce GT 650M[134][140][141]  ...          79% of desktop GTX650[original research?]
 9   GeForce GTX 660M[134][141][142][143]  ...          79% of desktop GTX650[original research?]
 10                 GeForce GTX 670M[134]  ...         73% of desktop GTX 560[original research?]
 11                     GeForce GTX 670MX  ...         61% of desktop GTX 660[original research?]
 12                 GeForce GTX 675M[134]  ...       75% of desktop GTX 560Ti[original research?]
 13                     GeForce GTX 675MX  ...         61% of desktop GTX 660[original research?]
 14                      GeForce GTX 680M  ...         78% of desktop GTX 670[original research?]
 15                     GeForce GTX 680MX  ...         72% of desktop GTX 680[original research?]
 16                                 Model  ...                                              Notes
 17                                 Model  ...                                              Notes

 [18 rows x 20 columns],
                    Model  ...                                              Notes
                    Model  ...                                              Notes
 0           GeForce 710M  ...  OEM. About 115% of Mobile 620 & Desktop 530[or...
 1        GeForce GT 720M  ...  OEM. About 130% of Mobile 625/630 & Desktop 62...
 2        GeForce GT 720M  ...  Kepler, similar to 730M with half of the cores...
 3        GeForce GT 730M  ...                   Kepler, similar to Desktop GT640
 4        GeForce GT 735M  ...                   Kepler, similar to Desktop GT640
 5        GeForce GT 740M  ...                  Kepler, similar to Desktop GT640.
 6        GeForce GT 740M  ...    about 76% of Desktop GTX650[original research?]
 7        GeForce GT 745M  ...    about 79% of Desktop GTX650[original research?]
 8        GeForce GT 750M  ...    about 91% of Desktop GTX650[original research?]
 9   GeForce GT 755M[145]  ...    about 93% of Desktop GTX650[original research?]
 10      GeForce GTX 760M  ...  about 71% of Desktop GTX 650Ti[original resear...
 11      GeForce GTX 765M  ...  about 92% of Desktop GTX 650Ti[original resear...
 12      GeForce GTX 770M  ...    about 83% of Desktop GTX660[original research?]
 13      GeForce GTX 780M  ...    about 78% of Desktop GTX770[original research?]
 14                 Model  ...                                              Notes
 15                 Model  ...                                              Notes

 [16 rows x 20 columns],
                      Model  ... Notes (original research)
                      Model  ... Notes (original research)
 0             GeForce 810M  ...                       NaN
 1        GeForce 820M[146]  ...       115% of 620 (Fermi)
 2        GeForce 825M[148]  ...       94% of 630 (Kepler)
 3        GeForce 830M[149]  ...      50% of 750 (Maxwell)
 4        GeForce 840M[150]  ...   50–80% of 745 (Maxwell)
 5   GeForce 845M[151][152]  ...                       NaN
 6   GeForce 845M[151][152]  ...                       NaN
 7    GeForce GTX 850M[155]  ...              80% of 750Ti
 8    GeForce GTX 850M[155]  ...              85% of 750Ti
 9    GeForce GTX 860M[156]  ...            equal to 750Ti
 10   GeForce GTX 860M[156]  ...       similar to 660 OEM.
 11   GeForce GTX 870M[157]  ...             105% of 660Ti
 12   GeForce GTX 880M[158]  ...                90% of 770
 13                   Model  ...                     Notes
 14                   Model  ...                     Notes

 [15 rows x 20 columns],
                     Model  ...                                              Notes
                     Model  ...                                              Notes
 0            GeForce 920M  ...                                                NaN
 1            GeForce 930M  ...                                                NaN
 2            GeForce 940M  ...                                                NaN
 3      GeForce 940MX[161]  ...                                                NaN
 4        GeForce GTX 950M  ...   Similar core config to GTX 750 Ti (GM107-400-A2)
 5        GeForce GTX 950M  ...   Similar core config to GTX 750 Ti (GM107-400-A2)
 6        GeForce GTX 960M  ...   Similar core config to GTX 750 Ti (GM107-400-A2)
 7   GeForce GTX 965M[164]  ...         Similar core config to GTX 960 (GM206-300)
 8   GeForce GTX 970M[166]  ...         Similar core config to GTX 960 OEM (GM204)
 9   GeForce GTX 980M[167]  ...  Similar core config to GTX 970 (GM204-200) wit...
 10   GeForce GTX 980[168]  ...                         Similar to Desktop GTX 980
 11                  Model  ...                                              Notes
 12                  Model  ...                                              Notes

 [13 rows x 21 columns],
                                     Model  ... SLI support
                                     Model  ... SLI support
 0                 GeForce MX110[169][170]  ...          No
 1            GeForce MX130[169][171][172]  ...          No
 2                      GeForce MX150[173]  ...          No
 3                      GeForce MX150[173]  ...          No
 4   GeForce GTX 1050 (Notebook)[176][177]  ...          No
 5     GeForce GTX 1050 Ti (Notebook)[176]  ...          No
 6        GeForce GTX 1060 (Notebook)[176]  ...          No
 7                  GeForce GTX 1060 Max-Q  ...          No
 8                  GeForce GTX 1060 Max-Q  ...         NaN
 9        GeForce GTX 1070 (Notebook)[176]  ...         Yes
 10                 GeForce GTX 1070 Max-Q  ...          No
 11       GeForce GTX 1080 (Notebook)[176]  ...         Yes
 12                 GeForce GTX 1080 Max-Q  ...          No

 [13 rows x 26 columns],
                                Model          Launch  ... Processing power (GFLOPS) TBP (Watts)
                                Model          Launch  ...            Half precision TBP (Watts)
 0          GeForce GTX 1650 (Laptop)  April 23, 2019  ...                      6390          50
 1             GeForce GTX 1650 Max-Q  April 23, 2019  ...                      5100          30
 2          GeForce GTX 1650 Ti Max-Q   April 2, 2020  ...                      4915          35
 3                GeForce GTX 1650 Ti   April 2, 2020  ...                      6083          55
 4          GeForce GTX 1660 (Laptop)               ?  ...                      8141           ?
 5          GeForce GTX 1660 Ti Max-Q  April 23, 2019  ...                      8202          60
 6  GeForce GTX 1660 Ti (Laptop)[183]  April 23, 2019  ...                      9769          80

 [7 rows x 26 columns],
                                 Model  ... TDP (Watts)
                                 Model  ... TDP (Watts)
 0                  GeForce MX230[186]  ...          10
 1             GeForce MX250[187][188]  ...          25
 2             GeForce MX250[187][188]  ...          10
 3                  GeForce MX330[189]  ...          25
 4                  GeForce MX350[190]  ...          20
 5             GeForce MX450[191][192]  ...          25
 6             GeForce MX450[191][192]  ...          25
 7               GeForce RTX 2060[193]  ...          80
 8         GeForce RTX 2060 Max-Q[194]  ...          65
 9               GeForce RTX 2070[195]  ...         115
 10        GeForce RTX 2070 Max-Q[196]  ...          80
 11        GeForce RTX 2070 Super[197]  ...         115
 12  GeForce RTX 2070 Super Max-Q[198]  ...          80
 13              GeForce RTX 2080[199]  ...         150
 14        GeForce RTX 2080 Max-Q[200]  ...          80
 15        GeForce RTX 2080 Super[201]  ...         150
 16  GeForce RTX 2080 Super Max-Q[202]  ...          80

 [17 rows x 25 columns],
                          Model  ... TDP (Watts)
                          Model  ... TDP (Watts)
 0        GeForce RTX 3050[203]  ...         NaN
 1        GeForce RTX 3060[204]  ...         NaN
 2  GeForce RTX 3060 Max Q[205]  ...         NaN
 3   GeForce RTX 3070[206][207]  ...       115.0
 4  GeForce RTX 3070 Max Q[208]  ...         NaN
 5   GeForce RTX 3080[209][210]  ...       115.0

 [6 rows x 25 columns],
              Model  Code name  ...  TBP (Watts)           Notes
              Model  Code name  ...  TBP (Watts)           Notes
 0           Quadro     NV10GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 1       Quadro DDR     NV10GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 2      Quadro2 MXR     NV11GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 3       Quadro2 EX     NV11GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 4      Quadro2 PRO     NV15GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 5       Quadro DCC     NV20GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 6   Quadro4 380XGL     NV18GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 7   Quadro4 500XGL     NV17GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 8   Quadro4 550XGL     NV17GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 9   Quadro4 580XGL     NV18GL  ...          NaN             NaN
 10  Quadro4 700XGL       NV25  ...          NaN             NaN
 11  Quadro4 750XGL       NV25  ...          NaN  Stereo display
 12  Quadro4 900XGL       NV25  ...          NaN  Stereo display
 13  Quadro4 980XGL     NV28GL  ...          NaN  Stereo display
 14           Model  Code name  ...  TBP (Watts)        Features
 15           Model  Code name  ...  TBP (Watts)        Features

 [16 rows x 17 columns],
                 Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                    Notes
                 Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                    Notes
 0       Quadro FX 500    NV34GL  ...         NaN           Stereo display
 1       Quadro FX 600    NV34GL  ...         NaN           Stereo display
 2       Quadro FX 700    NV35GL  ...         NaN           Stereo display
 3      Quadro FX 1000    NV30GL  ...         NaN           Stereo display
 4      Quadro FX 1100    NV36GL  ...         NaN           Stereo display
 5      Quadro FX 2000    NV30GL  ...         NaN           Stereo display
 6      Quadro FX 3000    NV35GL  ...         NaN           Stereo display
 7     Quadro FX 3000G    NV35GL  ...         NaN  Stereo display, Genlock
 8      Quadro FX 4000    NV40GL  ...       142.0           Stereo display
 9  Quadro FX 4000 SDI    NV40GL  ...         NaN  Stereo display, Genlock

 [10 rows x 17 columns],
             Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version        TBP (Watts)
             Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...              Direct3D OpenGL TBP (Watts)
 0   Quadro FX 330    NV37GL      150  ...                   9.0    2.0          21
 1  Quadro FX 1300      NV38      130  ...                   9.0    2.1          55

 [2 rows x 16 columns],
             Model        Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                Notes
             Model        Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                Notes
 0   Quadro FX 540           NV43GL  ...          35                  NaN
 1  Quadro FX 1400             NV41  ...          75  Stereo display, SLI
 2  Quadro FX 3400     NV45GL/ NV40  ...         101  Stereo display, SLI
 3  Quadro FX 3450             NV41  ...          83  Stereo display, SLI
 4  Quadro FX 4400  NV45GL A3/ NV40  ...         110  Stereo display, SLI

 [5 rows x 17 columns],
                 Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                         Notes
                 Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                         Notes
 0       Quadro FX 350       G72  ...          21                           NaN
 1       Quadro FX 550      NV43  ...          30                           NaN
 2      Quadro FX 1500       G71  ...          65                           NaN
 3      Quadro FX 3500       G71  ...          80           Stereo display, SLI
 4      Quadro FX 4500       G70  ...         109           Stereo display, SLI
 5  Quadro FX 4500 SDI       G70  ...         116       Stereo display, Genlock
 6    Quadro FX 4500X2       G71  ...         145  Stereo display, SLI, Genlock
 7      Quadro FX 5500       G71  ...          96  Stereo display, SLI, Genlock
 8  Quadro FX 5500 SDI       G71  ...         104  Stereo display, SLI, Genlock

 [9 rows x 17 columns],
                  Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                         Notes
                  Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                         Notes
 0        Quadro FX 560     G73GL  ...          30                           NaN
 1      Quadro FX 46002       G80  ...         134  Stereo display, SLI, Genlock
 2  Quadro FX 4600 SDI2       G80  ...         154  Stereo display, SLI, Genlock
 3      Quadro FX 56002       G80  ...         171  Stereo display, SLI, Genlock

 [4 rows x 20 columns],
               Model  ...                                              Notes
               Model  ...                                              Notes
 0     Quadro FX 370  ...                                                NaN
 1  Quadro FX 370 LP  ...                     DMS-59 for two Single Link DVI
 2     Quadro FX 470  ...                         based on GeForce 9400 mGPU
 3     Quadro FX 570  ...                                                NaN
 4    Quadro FX 1700  ...                                                NaN
 5    Quadro FX 3700  ...                                Stereo display, SLI
 6  Quadro FX 4700X2  ...                                                NaN
 7     Quadro VX 200  ...  2× Dual-link DVI, S-Video, optimised for Autod...

 [8 rows x 20 columns],
               Model  ...                                              Notes
               Model  ...                                              Notes
 0     Quadro FX 380  ...                  Two Dual Link DVI, no DisplayPort
 1  Quadro FX 380 LP  ...                         DisplayPort, Dual Link DVI
 2     Quadro FX 580  ...                    Dual DisplayPort, Dual Link DVI
 3    Quadro FX 1800  ...     Stereo DP Dual Link DVI, Dual DisplayPort, SLI
 4    Quadro FX 3800  ...     Stereo DP Dual Link DVI, Dual DisplayPort, SLI
 5    Quadro FX 4800  ...     Stereo DP Dual Link DVI, Dual DisplayPort, SLI
 6    Quadro FX 5800  ...     Stereo DP Dual Link DVI, Dual DisplayPort, SLI
 7    Quadro CX[214]  ...  Display Port and dual-link DVI Output, optimis...

 [8 rows x 20 columns],
                    Model  ...                                      Notes
                    Model  ...                                      Notes
 0             Quadro 400  ...                 DisplayPort, Dual Link DVI
 1             Quadro 600  ...                 DisplayPort, Dual Link DVI
 2            Quadro 2000  ...  Stereo DP Dual Link DVI, Dual DisplayPort
 3            Quadro 4000  ...                                        NaN
 4            Quadro 5000  ...                                        NaN
 5            Quadro 6000  ...                                        NaN
 6            Quadro 7000  ...                                        NaN
 7  Quadro Plex 7000[215]  ...                                        NaN

 [8 rows x 20 columns],
            Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version TBP (Watts)       Notes
            Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...                  CUDA TBP (Watts)       Notes
 0     Quadro 410     GK107       28  ...                   3.0          38         NaN
 1    Quadro K600     GK107       28  ...                   3.0          41   6.3" Card
 2   Quadro K2000     GK107       28  ...                   3.0          51  7.97" Card
 3  Quadro K2000D     GK107       28  ...                   3.0          51  7.97" Card
 4   Quadro K4000     GK106       28  ...                   3.0          80   9.5" Card
 5   Quadro K5000     GK104       28  ...                   3.0         122  10.5" Card
 6   Quadro K6000     GK110       28  ...                   3.5         225  10.5" Card

 [7 rows x 21 columns],
           Model          Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version TBP (Watts)       Notes
           Model          Code name Fab (nm)  ...                  CUDA TBP (Watts)       Notes
 0   Quadro K420              GK107       28  ...                   3.0          41         NaN
 1   Quadro K620          GM107-850       28  ...                   5.0          45   6.3" Card
 2  Quadro K1200          GM107-860       28  ...                   5.0          45  7.97" Card
 3  Quadro K2200  GM107-875-A2[218]       28  ...                   5.0          68  7.97" Card
 4  Quadro K4200              GK104       28  ...                   3.0         105   9.5" Card
 5  Quadro K5200             GK110B       28  ...                   3.5         150  10.5" Card

 [6 rows x 21 columns],
           Model  ...                             Notes
           Model  ...                             Notes
 0  Quadro M2000  ...             Four DisplayPort 1.2a
 1  Quadro M4000  ...             Four DisplayPort 1.2a
 2  Quadro M5000  ...  Four DisplayPort 1.2a, One DVI-I
 3  Quadro M6000  ...  Four DisplayPort 1.2a, One DVI-I

 [4 rows x 23 columns],
           Model  ...                            Notes
           Model  ...                            Notes
 0   Quadro P400  ...       Three Mini-DisplayPort 1.4
 1   Quadro P600  ...        Four Mini-DisplayPort 1.4
 2   Quadro P620  ...        Four Mini-DisplayPort 1.4
 3  Quadro P1000  ...        Four Mini-DisplayPort 1.4
 4  Quadro P2000  ...             Four DisplayPort 1.4
 5  Quadro P2200  ...             Four DisplayPort 1.4
 6  Quadro P4000  ...             Four DisplayPort 1.4
 7  Quadro P5000  ...  Four DisplayPort 1.4, One DVI-D
 8  Quadro P6000  ...  Four DisplayPort 1.4, One DVI-D
 9  Quadro GP100  ...                   NVLINK support

 [10 rows x 23 columns],
                Model Code name[178]  ... TBP (Watts)                           Notes
                Model Code name[178]  ... TBP (Watts)                           Notes
 0  Quadro GV100[226]   GV100-875-A1  ...         250  4x DisplayPort, NVLINK support

 [1 rows x 23 columns],
              Model Code name[178]  ... TBP (Watts)                         Notes
              Model Code name[178]  ... TBP (Watts)                         Notes
 0  Quadro RTX 4000   TU104-850-A1  ...         160  3x DisplayPort 1x USB Type-C
 1  Quadro RTX 5000   TU104-875-A1  ...         200  3x DisplayPort 1x USB Type-C
 2  Quadro RTX 6000   TU102-875-A1  ...         250  3x DisplayPort 1x USB Type-C
 3  Quadro RTX 8000   TU102-875-A1  ...         250  3x DisplayPort 1x USB Type-C

 [4 rows x 23 columns],
        Model  ...                                          Notes
        Model  ...                                          Notes
 0     NVS 50  ...                                 DVI-I, S-Video
 1    NVS 100  ...                         2× DVI-I, VGA, S-Video
 2    NVS 200  ...                                         LFH-60
 3   NVS 210S  ...                                      DVI + VGA
 4    NVS 280  ...                                         DMS-59
 5    NVS 285  ...                                         DMS-59
 6    NVS 290  ...                                         DMS-59
 7    NVS 295  ...                     2× DisplayPort or 2× DVI-D
 8    NVS 300  ...                                         DMS-59
 9    NVS 310  ...                                 2× DisplayPort
 10   NVS 315  ...               DMS-59 Idle Power Consumption 7W
 11   NVS 400  ...                                         DMS-59
 12   NVS 420  ...  through VHDCI to (4× DisplayPort or 4× DVI-D)
 13   NVS 440  ...                                 2× DMS-59[227]
 14   NVS 450  ...                                 4× DisplayPort
 15   NVS 510  ...                             4× miniDisplayPort
 16   NVS 810  ...                             8× miniDisplayPort

 [17 rows x 19 columns],
                               Model  ...                                              Notes
                               Model  ...                                              Notes
 0                   Quadro2 Go[228]  ...  First mobile Quadro based on the GeForce2 Go, ...
 1       Quadro4 500 Go GL[231][232]  ...  Based on the GeForce4 Go, dynamic core clock 6...
 2  Quadro4 700 Go GL[231][233][234]  ...  Based on GeForce4 Go 4200, uses DDR according ...
 3             Quadro FX Go 700[235]  ...               Based on the Geforce FX Go (FX 56XX)
 4            Quadro FX Go 1000[236]  ...       Seems to be an overclocked Quadro FX 700 Go.
 5            Quadro FX Go 1400[236]  ...  Last chip designated as a Quadro FX Go, uses P...

 [6 rows x 17 columns],
              Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version        TBP (Watts)
              Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...              Direct3D OpenGL TBP (Watts)
 0   Quadro FX 350M    G72GLM       90  ...                  9.0c    2.1          15
 1  Quadro FX 1500M    G71GLM       90  ...                  9.0c    2.1          15
 2  Quadro FX 2500M    G71GLM       90  ...                  9.0c    2.1          15
 3  Quadro FX 3500M    G71GLM       90  ...                  9.0c    2.1          15

 [4 rows x 16 columns],
              Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                           Notes
              Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                           Notes
 0   Quadro FX 360M      G86M  ...          17   Based on the GeForce 8400M GS
 1   Quadro FX 560M    G73GLM  ...         35?                   7600GS based?
 2  Quadro FX 1600M      G84M  ...         50?                             NaN
 3  Quadro FX 3600M      G92M  ...          70  Based on the GeForce 8800M GTX

 [4 rows x 19 columns],
              Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version        TBP (Watts)
              Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...              Direct3D OpenGL TBP (Watts)
 0   Quadro FX 370M      G98M       65  ...                  10.0    3.3          20
 1   Quadro FX 570M      G84M       80  ...                  10.0    3.3          45
 2   Quadro FX 770M      G96M       65  ...                  10.0    3.3          35
 3  Quadro FX 1700M      G96M       65  ...                  10.0    3.3          50
 4  Quadro FX 2700M      G94M       65  ...                  10.0    3.3          65
 5  Quadro FX 3700M      G92M       65  ...                  10.0    3.3          75

 [6 rows x 18 columns],
              Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version        TBP (Watts)
              Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...              Direct3D OpenGL TBP (Watts)
 0   Quadro FX 380M    GT218M       40  ...                  10.1    3.3          25
 1   Quadro FX 880M    GT216M       40  ...                  10.1    3.3          35
 2  Quadro FX 1800M    GT215M       40  ...                  10.1    3.3          45
 3  Quadro FX 2800M      G92M       55  ...                  10.0    3.3          75
 4  Quadro FX 3800M      G92M       55  ...                  10.0    3.3         100

 [5 rows x 18 columns],
           Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version TBP (Watts)                 Notes
           Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...                OpenGL TBP (Watts)                 Notes
 0   Quadro 500M     GF108       40  ...                   4.5          35                   NaN
 1  Quadro 1000M     GF108       40  ...                   4.5          45  Dell Precision M4600
 2  Quadro 2000M     GF106       40  ...                   4.5          55  Dell Precision M4600
 3  Quadro 3000M     GF104       40  ...                   4.5          75  Dell Precision M6600
 4  Quadro 4000M     GF104       40  ...                   4.5         100  Dell Precision M6600
 5  Quadro 5000M     GF100       40  ...                   4.5         100  Dell Precision M6500
 6  Quadro 5010M     GF110       40  ...                   4.5         100  Dell Precision M6600

 [7 rows x 19 columns],
            Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                 Notes
            Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                 Notes
 0   Quadro K500M     GK107  ...          35                   NaN
 1  Quadro K1000M     GK107  ...          45  Dell Precision M4700
 2  Quadro K2000M     GK107  ...          55  Dell Precision M4700
 3  Quadro K3000M     GK104  ...          75  Dell Precision M6700
 4  Quadro K4000M     GK104  ...         100  Dell Precision M6700
 5  Quadro K5000M     GK104  ...         100  Dell Precision M6700

 [6 rows x 20 columns],
            Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                           Notes
            Model Code name  ... TBP (Watts)                           Notes
 0   Quadro K510M     GK208  ...          30                             NaN
 1   Quadro K610M     GK208  ...          30                             NaN
 2  Quadro K1100M     GK107  ...          45  Dell Precision M3800 and M4800
 3  Quadro K2100M     GK106  ...          55            Dell Precision M4800
 4  Quadro K3100M     GK104  ...          75            Dell Precision M6800
 5  Quadro K4100M     GK104  ...         100            Dell Precision M6800
 6  Quadro K5100M     GK104  ...         100            Dell Precision M6800

 [7 rows x 20 columns],
            Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
            Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...                OpenGL Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
 0  Quadro K2200M     GM107       28  ...                   4.5                      Yes          65

 [1 rows x 20 columns],
            Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
            Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...                Vulkan Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
 0   Quadro M500M     GM108       28  ...                   1.0                      Yes          25
 1   Quadro M600M     GM107       28  ...                   1.0                      Yes          30
 2  Quadro M1000M     GM107       28  ...                   1.0                      Yes          40
 3  Quadro M2000M     GM107       28  ...                   1.0                      Yes          55
 4  Quadro M3000M     GM204       28  ...                   1.0                      Yes          75
 5  Quadro M4000M     GM204       28  ...                   1.0                      Yes         100
 6  Quadro M5000M     GM204       28  ...                   1.0                      Yes         100

 [7 rows x 21 columns],
           Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
           Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...                OpenGL Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
 0   Quadro M520     GM108       28  ...                   4.5                      Yes          25
 1   Quadro M620     GM107       28  ...                   4.5                      Yes          30
 2  Quadro M1200     GM107       28  ...                   4.5                      Yes          45
 3  Quadro M2200     GM206       28  ...                   4.5                      Yes          55

 [4 rows x 19 columns],
           Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
           Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...                OpenGL Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
 0  Quadro M5500     GM204       28  ...                   4.5                      Yes         150

 [1 rows x 19 columns],
                 Model          Code name  ... Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
                 Model          Code name  ... Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
 0         Quadro P500              GP108  ...                      Yes          18
 1         Quadro P600              GP107  ...                      Yes          25
 2        Quadro P1000  GP107(N18P-Q1-A1)  ...                      Yes          40
 3        Quadro P2000  GP107(N18P-Q3-A1)  ...                      Yes          50
 4        Quadro P3000              GP106  ...                      Yes          75
 5        Quadro P4000              GP104  ...                      Yes         100
 6  Quadro P4000 Max-Q              GP104  ...                      Yes          80
 7        Quadro P5000              GP104  ...                      Yes         100

 [8 rows x 19 columns],
           Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
           Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...                OpenGL Nvidia Optimustechnology TBP (Watts)
 0  Quadro P3200     GP104       16  ...                   4.5                      Yes          78
 1  Quadro P4200     GP104       16  ...                   4.5                      Yes         115
 2  Quadro P5200     GP104       16  ...                   4.5                      Yes         150

 [3 rows x 19 columns],
                         Model        Code name[178]  ... TBP (Watts) Notes
                         Model        Code name[178]  ... TBP (Watts) Notes
 0           Quadro T1000[237]     TU117(N19P-Q1-A1)  ...       40-50   NaN
 1           Quadro T2000[237]     TU117(N19P-Q3-A1)  ...          60   NaN
 2          Quadro T2000 Max-Q                 TU117  ...          40   NaN
 3        Quadro RTX 3000[237]  TU106(N19E-Q1-KA-K1)  ...       60-80   NaN
 4  Quadro RTX 3000 Max-Q[238]                 TU106  ...          60   NaN
 5        Quadro RTX 4000[237]     TU104(N19E-Q3-A1)  ...         110   NaN
 6  Quadro RTX 4000 Max-Q[239]                 TU104  ...          80   NaN
 7        Quadro RTX 5000[237]     TU104(N19E-Q5-A1)  ...         110   NaN
 8  Quadro RTX 5000 Max-Q[240]                 TU104  ...          80   NaN

 [9 rows x 25 columns],
              Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version TBP (Watts)                 Notes
              Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...                OpenGL TBP (Watts)                 Notes
 0  Quadro NVS 110M      G72M       90  ...                   2.1          10                   NaN
 1  Quadro NVS 120M    G72GLM       90  ...                   2.1          10                   NaN
 2  Quadro NVS 130M      G86M       80  ...                   3.3          10                   NaN
 3  Quadro NVS 135M      G86M       80  ...                   3.3          10                   NaN
 4  Quadro NVS 140M      G86M       80  ...                   3.3          10                   NaN
 5  Quadro NVS 150M      G98M       65  ...                   3.3          10                   NaN
 6  Quadro NVS 160M      G98M       65  ...                   3.3          12                   NaN
 7  Quadro NVS 300M    G72GLM       90  ...                   2.1          16                   NaN
 8  Quadro NVS 320M      G84M       65  ...                   3.3          20                   NaN
 9  Quadro NVS 510M    G72GLM       90  ...                   2.1         45?  based on Go 7900 GTX

 [10 rows x 19 columns],
        Model Code name Fab (nm)  ... Supported API version TBP (Watts)                Notes
        Model Code name Fab (nm)  ...                OpenGL TBP (Watts)                Notes
 0  NVS 2100M    GT218M       40  ...                   3.3        14.0                  NaN
 1  NVS 3100M    GT218M       40  ...                   3.3        14.0  based on G210M/310M
 2  NVS 4200M     GF119       40  ...                   4.5         NaN     based on GT 520M
 3  NVS 5100M    GT216M       40  ...                   3.3        35.0                  NaN
 4  NVS 5200M     GF108    40/28  ...                   4.5        35.0                  NaN
 5  NVS 5400M     GF108    40/28  ...                   4.5        35.0                  NaN

 [6 rows x 19 columns],
           Model Archi-tecture         Chips  ...   Memory           TDP (Watts)
           Model Archi-tecture         Chips  ... Bus type Size (GB) TDP (Watts)
 0  GRID K1[241]        Kepler      4× GK107  ...     DDR3    4× 4GB         130
 1  GRID K2[242]        Kepler  2× GK104-895  ...    GDDR5    2× 4GB         225
 2     GRID K340        Kepler      4× GK107  ...    GDDR5    4× 1GB         225
 3     GRID K520        Kepler      2× GK104  ...    GDDR5    2× 4GB         225

 [4 rows x 8 columns],
                                                 Model  ...                                 Notes, form_factor
                                                 Model  ...                                 Notes, form_factor
                                                 Units  ...                                Unnamed: 18_level_2
 0                        C870 GPU Computing Module[h]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 1                           D870 Deskside Computer[h]  ...            Deskside or 3U rack-mount external GPUs
 2                        S870 GPU Computing Server[h]  ...  1U rack-mount external GPUs, connect via 2× PC...
 3                       C1060 GPU Computing Module[i]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 4   S1070 GPU Computing Server "400 configuration"[i]  ...  1U rack-mount external GPUs, connect via 2× PC...
 5   S1070 GPU Computing Server "500 configuration"[i]  ...  1U rack-mount external GPUs, connect via 2× PC...
 6                  S1075 GPU Computing Server[i][246]  ...  1U rack-mount external GPUs, connect via 1× PC...
 7      Quadro Plex 2200 D2 Visual Computing System[j]  ...  Deskside or 3U rack-mount external GPUs with 4...
 8      Quadro Plex 2200 S4 Visual Computing System[j]  ...  1U rack-mount external GPUs, connect via 2× PC...
 9                     C2050 GPU Computing Module[247]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 10                    M2050 GPU Computing Module[248]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 11                    C2070 GPU Computing Module[247]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 12                    C2075 GPU Computing Module[249]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 13             M2070/M2070Q GPU Computing Module[250]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 14                    M2090 GPU Computing Module[251]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 15                         S2050 GPU Computing Server  ...  1U rack-mount external GPUs, connect via 2× PC...
 16                         S2070 GPU Computing Server  ...  1U rack-mount external GPUs, connect via 2× PC...
 17                           K10 GPU accelerator[252]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 18                      K20 GPU accelerator[253][254]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 19                          K20X GPU accelerator[255]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 20                           K40 GPU accelerator[256]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 21                           K80 GPU accelerator[257]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 22                       M4 GPU accelerator[258][259]  ...       Internal PCIe GPU (half-height, single-slot)
 23                            M6 GPU accelerator[260]  ...                                   Internal MXM GPU
 24                           M10 GPU accelerator[261]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 25                      M40 GPU accelerator[259][262]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 26                           M60 GPU accelerator[263]  ...         Internal PCIe GPU (full-height, dual-slot)
 27                            P4 GPU accelerator[264]  ...                                          PCIe card
 28                       P6 GPU accelerator[265][266]  ...                                           MXM card
 29                           P40 GPU accelerator[264]  ...                                          PCIe card
 30         P100 GPU accelerator (mezzanine)[267][268]  ...                                        NVLink card
 31             P100 GPU accelerator (16 GB card)[269]  ...                                          PCIe card
 32             P100 GPU accelerator (12 GB card)[269]  ...                                          PCIe card
 33    V100 GPU accelerator (mezzanine)[270][271][272]  ...                                        NVlink card
 34    V100 GPU accelerator (PCIe card)[270][271][272]  ...                                          PCIe card
 35           T4 GPU accelerator (PCIe card)[273][274]  ...                                          PCIe card
 36         A100 GPU accelerator (PCIe card)[275][276]  ...                                          PCIe card
 37                                              Model  ...                                 Notes, form factor
 38                                              Model  ...                                 Notes, form factor

 [39 rows x 19 columns],
                                 Model  ...              API support
                                 Model  ...                    Other
 0               XGPU (Xbox)[277][278]  ...                      NaN
 1            RSX (PS3)[279][280][281]  ...                      NaN
 2  NX-SoC (Nintendo Switch)[282][283]  ...  Vulkan 1.0[286]NVN[282]

 [3 rows x 20 columns],
    .mw-parser-output .navbar{display:inline;font-size:88%;font-weight:normal}.mw-parser-output .navbar-collapse{float:left;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .navbar-boxtext{word-spacing:0}.mw-parser-output .navbar ul{display:inline-block;white-space:nowrap;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::before{margin-right:-0.125em;content:"[ "}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::after{margin-left:-0.125em;content:" ]"}.mw-parser-output .navbar li{word-spacing:-0.125em}.mw-parser-output .navbar-mini abbr{font-variant:small-caps;border-bottom:none;text-decoration:none;cursor:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-full{font-size:114%;margin:0 7em}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-mini{font-size:114%;margin:0 4em}.mw-parser-output .infobox .navbar{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .navbox .navbar{display:block;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .navbox-title .navbar{float:left;text-align:left;margin-right:0.5em}vteNvidia .mw-parser-output .navbar{display:inline;font-size:88%;font-weight:normal}.mw-parser-output .navbar-collapse{float:left;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .navbar-boxtext{word-spacing:0}.mw-parser-output .navbar ul{display:inline-block;white-space:nowrap;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::before{margin-right:-0.125em;content:"[ "}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::after{margin-left:-0.125em;content:" ]"}.mw-parser-output .navbar li{word-spacing:-0.125em}.mw-parser-output .navbar-mini abbr{font-variant:small-caps;border-bottom:none;text-decoration:none;cursor:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-full{font-size:114%;margin:0 7em}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-mini{font-size:114%;margin:0 4em}.mw-parser-output .infobox .navbar{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .navbox .navbar{display:block;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .navbox-title .navbar{float:left;text-align:left;margin-right:0.5em}vteNvidia.1
 0   GeForce (List of GPUs)Fixed pixel pipelinePre-...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GeForce (List of GPUs)Fixed pixel pipelinePre-...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 1                              GeForce (List of GPUs)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         GeForce (List of GPUs)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 2   Fixed pixel pipelinePre-GeForce NV1 NV2  RIVA ...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Fixed pixel pipelinePre-GeForce NV1 NV2  RIVA ...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 3                                Fixed pixel pipeline                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pre-GeForce NV1 NV2  RIVA 128 RIVA TNT TNT2  G...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 4                                         Pre-GeForce                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                NV1 NV2  RIVA 128 RIVA TNT TNT2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 5                            Vertex and pixel shaders                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          GeForce 3 4 Ti FX 6 7                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 6                                     Unified shaders                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                GeForce 8 9 100 200 300 400 500                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 7                              Unified shaders & NUMA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 GeForce 600 700 800M 900 10 16                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 8                                         Ray tracing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  GeForce 20 30                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 9   Software and technologiesMultimedia accelerati...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Software and technologiesMultimedia accelerati...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 10                          Software and technologies                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Software and technologies                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 11  Multimedia acceleration NVENC (video encoding)...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Multimedia acceleration NVENC (video encoding)...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 12                            Multimedia acceleration                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NVENC (video encoding) NVDEC (video decoding) ...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 13                                           Software                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Cg (shading language) CUDA Gelato (offline ren...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 14                                       Technologies                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Nvidia 3D Vision (stereo 3D) Nvidia G-Sync (va...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 15                             GPU microarchitectures                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Tesla Fermi Kepler Maxwell Pascal Volta Turing...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 16  Other productsGraphics processing Nvidia Quadr...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Other productsGraphics processing Nvidia Quadr...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 17                                     Other products                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Other products                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 18  Graphics processing Nvidia Quadro Quadro Plex ...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Graphics processing Nvidia Quadro Quadro Plex ...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 19                                Graphics processing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Nvidia Quadro Quadro Plex                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 20                                              GPGPU                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Nvidia Tesla DGX                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 21                                 Console components                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NV2A (Xbox) RSX 'Reality Synthesizer' (PlaySta...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 22                                      Nvidia Shield                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Shield Portable Shield Tablet Shield Android T...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 23                                  SoCs and embedded                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GoForce Drive Jetson Tegra                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 24                                               CPUs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Project Denver                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 25                                  Computer chipsets                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         nForce                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 26  CompanyKey people Jen-Hsun Huang Chris Malacho...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              CompanyKey people Jen-Hsun Huang Chris Malacho...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 27                                            Company                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Company                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 28  Key people Jen-Hsun Huang Chris Malachowsky Cu...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Key people Jen-Hsun Huang Chris Malachowsky Cu...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 29                                         Key people                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Jen-Hsun Huang Chris Malachowsky Curtis Priem ...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
 30                                       Acquisitions                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3dfx Interactive Ageia ULi Arm Holdings Icera ...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ,
                               GeForce (List of GPUs)                           GeForce (List of GPUs).1
 0  Fixed pixel pipelinePre-GeForce NV1 NV2  RIVA ...  Fixed pixel pipelinePre-GeForce NV1 NV2  RIVA ...
 1                               Fixed pixel pipeline  Pre-GeForce NV1 NV2  RIVA 128 RIVA TNT TNT2  G...
 2                                        Pre-GeForce                    NV1 NV2  RIVA 128 RIVA TNT TNT2
 3                           Vertex and pixel shaders                              GeForce 3 4 Ti FX 6 7
 4                                    Unified shaders                    GeForce 8 9 100 200 300 400 500
 5                             Unified shaders & NUMA                     GeForce 600 700 800M 900 10 16
 6                                        Ray tracing                                      GeForce 20 30,
                           0                                                  1
 0      Fixed pixel pipeline  Pre-GeForce NV1 NV2  RIVA 128 RIVA TNT TNT2  G...
 1               Pre-GeForce                    NV1 NV2  RIVA 128 RIVA TNT TNT2
 2  Vertex and pixel shaders                              GeForce 3 4 Ti FX 6 7
 3           Unified shaders                    GeForce 8 9 100 200 300 400 500
 4    Unified shaders & NUMA                     GeForce 600 700 800M 900 10 16
 5               Ray tracing                                      GeForce 20 30,
              0                                1
 0  Pre-GeForce  NV1 NV2  RIVA 128 RIVA TNT TNT2,
                            Software and technologies                        Software and technologies.1
 0  Multimedia acceleration NVENC (video encoding)...  Multimedia acceleration NVENC (video encoding)...
 1                            Multimedia acceleration  NVENC (video encoding) NVDEC (video decoding) ...
 2                                           Software  Cg (shading language) CUDA Gelato (offline ren...
 3                                       Technologies  Nvidia 3D Vision (stereo 3D) Nvidia G-Sync (va...
 4                             GPU microarchitectures  Tesla Fermi Kepler Maxwell Pascal Volta Turing...,
                          0                                                  1
 0  Multimedia acceleration  NVENC (video encoding) NVDEC (video decoding) ...
 1                 Software  Cg (shading language) CUDA Gelato (offline ren...
 2             Technologies  Nvidia 3D Vision (stereo 3D) Nvidia G-Sync (va...
 3   GPU microarchitectures  Tesla Fermi Kepler Maxwell Pascal Volta Turing...,
                                       Other products                                   Other products.1
 0  Graphics processing Nvidia Quadro Quadro Plex ...  Graphics processing Nvidia Quadro Quadro Plex ...
 1                                Graphics processing                          Nvidia Quadro Quadro Plex
 2                                              GPGPU                                   Nvidia Tesla DGX
 3                                 Console components  NV2A (Xbox) RSX 'Reality Synthesizer' (PlaySta...
 4                                      Nvidia Shield  Shield Portable Shield Tablet Shield Android T...
 5                                  SoCs and embedded                         GoForce Drive Jetson Tegra
 6                                               CPUs                                     Project Denver
 7                                  Computer chipsets                                             nForce,
                      0                                                  1
 0  Graphics processing                          Nvidia Quadro Quadro Plex
 1                GPGPU                                   Nvidia Tesla DGX
 2   Console components  NV2A (Xbox) RSX 'Reality Synthesizer' (PlaySta...
 3        Nvidia Shield  Shield Portable Shield Tablet Shield Android T...
 4    SoCs and embedded                         GoForce Drive Jetson Tegra
 5                 CPUs                                     Project Denver
 6    Computer chipsets                                             nForce,
                                              Company                                          Company.1
 0  Key people Jen-Hsun Huang Chris Malachowsky Cu...  Key people Jen-Hsun Huang Chris Malachowsky Cu...
 1                                         Key people  Jen-Hsun Huang Chris Malachowsky Curtis Priem ...
 2                                       Acquisitions  3dfx Interactive Ageia ULi Arm Holdings Icera ...,
               0                                                  1
 0    Key people  Jen-Hsun Huang Chris Malachowsky Curtis Priem ...
 1  Acquisitions  3dfx Interactive Ageia ULi Arm Holdings Icera ...,
   vteGraphics processing unit                      vteGraphics processing unit.1
 0                         GPU  Desktop Intel Xe GT Nvidia GeForce Quadro Tesl...
 1                     Desktop  Intel Xe GT Nvidia GeForce Quadro Tesla Tegra ...
 2                      Mobile  Adreno Apple Mali PowerVR VideoCore Vivante Im...
 3                Architecture  Compute kernel Fabrication CMOS FinFET MOSFET ...
 4                  Components  Blitter Geometry processor Input–output memory...
 5                      Memory  DMA Framebuffer SGRAM GDDR GDDR3 GDDR4 GDDR5 G...
 6                 Form factor  IP core Discrete graphics Clustering Switching...
 7                 Performance  Clock rate Display resolution Fillrate Pixel/s...
 8                        Misc  2D Scrolling Sprite Tile 3D GI Texture ASIC GP...,
          0                                                  1
 0  Desktop  Intel Xe GT Nvidia GeForce Quadro Tesla Tegra ...
 1   Mobile  Adreno Apple Mali PowerVR VideoCore Vivante Im...]

What happened there?

We only passed an argument, the url from which to extract a table. With that information alone pandas.read_html will return you a list of all the tables it was able to extract from the page.

pandas.read_html() returns a list of dataframes, one for each table it finds in the page.

It seems to have a lot of tables in this wikipedia page. Let’s count how many.

print(len(tables))
97

That’s far too many tables for what we need. In this case we only want to extract the table which contains information about the NVIDIA RTX 30 series graphics cards.

Upon inspection the HTML of the table shows that there are no unique id or css classes that we can make use of. However that shouldn’t stop us.
if we pass in the parameter match we should be able to pass in a string with a distinct string in the table so it can find the table that I want.
I will pick a string that shows the CUDA core config for the RTX3090. This should allow me to only get the table I want.

pd = pandas.read_html("https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nvidia_graphics_processing_units", match="10496:328:112:328:82")

print(len(pd))
1
display(pd[0])
  Model Launch Code name Process Transistors (billion) Die size (mm2) Core config[a] Bus interface L2 Cache(MB) Clock speeds Memory Fillrate Processing power (TFLOPS) Ray-tracing Performance TDP (Watts) NVLink support Release price (USD)
  Model Launch Code name Process Transistors (billion) Die size (mm2) Core config[a] Bus interface L2 Cache(MB) Base core clock (MHz) Boost core clock (MHz) Memory (MT/s) Size (GiB) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Single precision Double precision Half precision Tensor compute (FP16) (2:1 sparse) Rays/s (Billions) RTX OPS/s (Trillions) Ray Perf TFLOPS TDP (Watts) NVLink support MSRP Founders Edition
0 GeForce RTX 3060[121] February 25, 2021 GA106-300-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 13.25 300.0 3584:112:64:112:28(28) (?) PCIe 4.0 x16 3 1320 1777 15000 12 360.0 GDDR6 192 NaN NaN 9.46 12.74 0.148 0.199 9.46 12.74 NaN NaN NaN 25 170 No NaN $329
1 GeForce RTX 3060 Ti[122] December 2, 2020 GA104-200-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 17.40 392.5 4864:152:80:152:38(38) (6) PCIe 4.0 x16 4 1410 1665 14000 8 448.0 GDDR6 256 NaN NaN 13.7 16.20 0.214 0.253 13.7 16.20 ? 129.6 NaN NaN NaN 200 No NaN $399
2 GeForce RTX 3070[123] October 29, 2020[124] GA104-300-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 17.40 392.5 5888:184:96:184:46(46) (6) PCIe 4.0 x16 4 1500 1725 14000 8 448.0 GDDR6 256 96.0 110.72 276.0 318.32 17.66 20.37 0.276 0.318 17.66 20.37 141.31 162.98 NaN NaN 40[125] 220 No NaN $499
3 GeForce RTX 3080[126] September 17, 2020 GA102-200-KD-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 28.30 628.4 8704:272:96:272:68(68) (7) PCIe 4.0 x16 5 1440 1710 19000 10 760.0 GDDR6X 320 126.72 150.48 391.68 465.12 25.06 29.76 0.392 0.465 25.06 29.76 200.54 238.14 NaN NaN 58[125] 320 No NaN $699
4 GeForce RTX 3090[127] September 24, 2020 GA102-300-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 28.30 628.4 10496:328:112:328:82(82) (7) PCIe 4.0 x16 6 1395 1695 19500 24 935.8 GDDR6X 384 134.4 162.72 459.20 555.96 29.38 35.68 0.459 0.558 29.38 35.68 235.08 285.48 NaN NaN 69[125] 350 2-way NVLink NaN $1499
pd[0].info()
<class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
RangeIndex: 5 entries, 0 to 4
Data columns (total 29 columns):
 #   Column                                                           Non-Null Count  Dtype  
---  ------                                                           --------------  -----  
 0   (Model, Model)                                                   5 non-null      object 
 1   (Launch, Launch)                                                 5 non-null      object 
 2   (Code name, Code name)                                           5 non-null      object 
 3   (Process, Process)                                               5 non-null      object 
 4   (Transistors (billion), Transistors (billion))                   5 non-null      float64
 5   (Die size (mm2), Die size (mm2))                                 5 non-null      float64
 6   (Core config[a], Core config[a])                                 5 non-null      object 
 7   (Bus interface, Bus interface)                                   5 non-null      object 
 8   (L2 Cache(MB), L2 Cache(MB))                                     5 non-null      int64  
 9   (Clock speeds, Base core clock (MHz))                            5 non-null      int64  
 10  (Clock speeds, Boost core clock (MHz))                           5 non-null      int64  
 11  (Clock speeds, Memory (MT/s))                                    5 non-null      int64  
 12  (Memory, Size (GiB))                                             5 non-null      int64  
 13  (Memory, Bandwidth (GB/s))                                       5 non-null      float64
 14  (Memory, Bus type)                                               5 non-null      object 
 15  (Memory, Bus width (bit))                                        5 non-null      int64  
 16  (Fillrate, Pixel (GP/s))                                         3 non-null      object 
 17  (Fillrate, Texture (GT/s))                                       3 non-null      object 
 18  (Processing power (TFLOPS), Single precision)                    5 non-null      object 
 19  (Processing power (TFLOPS), Double precision)                    5 non-null      object 
 20  (Processing power (TFLOPS), Half precision)                      5 non-null      object 
 21  (Processing power (TFLOPS), Tensor compute (FP16) (2:1 sparse))  4 non-null      object 
 22  (Ray-tracing Performance, Rays/s (Billions))                     0 non-null      float64
 23  (Ray-tracing Performance, RTX OPS/s (Trillions))                 0 non-null      float64
 24  (Ray-tracing Performance, Ray Perf TFLOPS)                       4 non-null      object 
 25  (TDP (Watts), TDP (Watts))                                       5 non-null      int64  
 26  (NVLink support, NVLink support)                                 5 non-null      object 
 27  (Release price (USD), MSRP)                                      0 non-null      float64
 28  (Release price (USD), Founders Edition)                          5 non-null      object 
dtypes: float64(6), int64(7), object(16)
memory usage: 1.3+ KB

Notice that we have two levels of column names. This is because the original table has two headings for the column names. We don’t really need it, even though panda data frames can handle it. Let’s just keep the last level

df = pd[0]
df.columns = df.columns.get_level_values(1)
df.info()
<class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
RangeIndex: 5 entries, 0 to 4
Data columns (total 29 columns):
 #   Column                              Non-Null Count  Dtype  
---  ------                              --------------  -----  
 0   Model                               5 non-null      object 
 1   Launch                              5 non-null      object 
 2   Code name                           5 non-null      object 
 3   Process                             5 non-null      object 
 4   Transistors (billion)               5 non-null      float64
 5   Die size (mm2)                      5 non-null      float64
 6   Core config[a]                      5 non-null      object 
 7   Bus interface                       5 non-null      object 
 8   L2 Cache(MB)                        5 non-null      int64  
 9   Base core clock (MHz)               5 non-null      int64  
 10  Boost core clock (MHz)              5 non-null      int64  
 11  Memory (MT/s)                       5 non-null      int64  
 12  Size (GiB)                          5 non-null      int64  
 13  Bandwidth (GB/s)                    5 non-null      float64
 14  Bus type                            5 non-null      object 
 15  Bus width (bit)                     5 non-null      int64  
 16  Pixel (GP/s)                        3 non-null      object 
 17  Texture (GT/s)                      3 non-null      object 
 18  Single precision                    5 non-null      object 
 19  Double precision                    5 non-null      object 
 20  Half precision                      5 non-null      object 
 21  Tensor compute (FP16) (2:1 sparse)  4 non-null      object 
 22  Rays/s (Billions)                   0 non-null      float64
 23  RTX OPS/s (Trillions)               0 non-null      float64
 24  Ray Perf TFLOPS                     4 non-null      object 
 25  TDP (Watts)                         5 non-null      int64  
 26  NVLink support                      5 non-null      object 
 27  MSRP                                0 non-null      float64
 28  Founders Edition                    5 non-null      object 
dtypes: float64(6), int64(7), object(16)
memory usage: 1.3+ KB

Now it is a lot easier to use the column names as we only have one level of columns.

df
  Model Launch Code name Process Transistors (billion) Die size (mm2) Core config[a] Bus interface L2 Cache(MB) Base core clock (MHz) Boost core clock (MHz) Memory (MT/s) Size (GiB) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Single precision Double precision Half precision Tensor compute (FP16) (2:1 sparse) Rays/s (Billions) RTX OPS/s (Trillions) Ray Perf TFLOPS TDP (Watts) NVLink support MSRP Founders Edition
0 GeForce RTX 3060[121] February 25, 2021 GA106-300-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 13.25 300.0 3584:112:64:112:28(28) (?) PCIe 4.0 x16 3 1320 1777 15000 12 360.0 GDDR6 192 NaN NaN 9.46 12.74 0.148 0.199 9.46 12.74 NaN NaN NaN 25 170 No NaN $329
1 GeForce RTX 3060 Ti[122] December 2, 2020 GA104-200-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 17.40 392.5 4864:152:80:152:38(38) (6) PCIe 4.0 x16 4 1410 1665 14000 8 448.0 GDDR6 256 NaN NaN 13.7 16.20 0.214 0.253 13.7 16.20 ? 129.6 NaN NaN NaN 200 No NaN $399
2 GeForce RTX 3070[123] October 29, 2020[124] GA104-300-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 17.40 392.5 5888:184:96:184:46(46) (6) PCIe 4.0 x16 4 1500 1725 14000 8 448.0 GDDR6 256 96.0 110.72 276.0 318.32 17.66 20.37 0.276 0.318 17.66 20.37 141.31 162.98 NaN NaN 40[125] 220 No NaN $499
3 GeForce RTX 3080[126] September 17, 2020 GA102-200-KD-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 28.30 628.4 8704:272:96:272:68(68) (7) PCIe 4.0 x16 5 1440 1710 19000 10 760.0 GDDR6X 320 126.72 150.48 391.68 465.12 25.06 29.76 0.392 0.465 25.06 29.76 200.54 238.14 NaN NaN 58[125] 320 No NaN $699
4 GeForce RTX 3090[127] September 24, 2020 GA102-300-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 28.30 628.4 10496:328:112:328:82(82) (7) PCIe 4.0 x16 6 1395 1695 19500 24 935.8 GDDR6X 384 134.4 162.72 459.20 555.96 29.38 35.68 0.459 0.558 29.38 35.68 235.08 285.48 NaN NaN 69[125] 350 2-way NVLink NaN $1499

Perfect! We got the table we wanted. Time to do some data clenup. Notice that the “Launch date” has an unwanted string[24] at the end. Let’s remove it

df["Launch"]
0        February 25, 2021
1         December 2, 2020
2    October 29, 2020[124]
3       September 17, 2020
4       September 24, 2020
Name: Launch, dtype: object

Let’s get rid of it using a regular expression.

df['Launch'] = df['Launch'].str.replace(r"[d*?]","")
df
  Model Launch Code name Process Transistors (billion) Die size (mm2) Core config[a] Bus interface L2 Cache(MB) Base core clock (MHz) Boost core clock (MHz) Memory (MT/s) Size (GiB) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Single precision Double precision Half precision Tensor compute (FP16) (2:1 sparse) Rays/s (Billions) RTX OPS/s (Trillions) Ray Perf TFLOPS TDP (Watts) NVLink support MSRP Founders Edition
0 GeForce RTX 3060[121] February 25, 2021 GA106-300-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 13.25 300.0 3584:112:64:112:28(28) (?) PCIe 4.0 x16 3 1320 1777 15000 12 360.0 GDDR6 192 NaN NaN 9.46 12.74 0.148 0.199 9.46 12.74 NaN NaN NaN 25 170 No NaN $329
1 GeForce RTX 3060 Ti[122] December 2, 2020 GA104-200-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 17.40 392.5 4864:152:80:152:38(38) (6) PCIe 4.0 x16 4 1410 1665 14000 8 448.0 GDDR6 256 NaN NaN 13.7 16.20 0.214 0.253 13.7 16.20 ? 129.6 NaN NaN NaN 200 No NaN $399
2 GeForce RTX 3070[123] October 29, 2020 GA104-300-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 17.40 392.5 5888:184:96:184:46(46) (6) PCIe 4.0 x16 4 1500 1725 14000 8 448.0 GDDR6 256 96.0 110.72 276.0 318.32 17.66 20.37 0.276 0.318 17.66 20.37 141.31 162.98 NaN NaN 40[125] 220 No NaN $499
3 GeForce RTX 3080[126] September 17, 2020 GA102-200-KD-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 28.30 628.4 8704:272:96:272:68(68) (7) PCIe 4.0 x16 5 1440 1710 19000 10 760.0 GDDR6X 320 126.72 150.48 391.68 465.12 25.06 29.76 0.392 0.465 25.06 29.76 200.54 238.14 NaN NaN 58[125] 320 No NaN $699
4 GeForce RTX 3090[127] September 24, 2020 GA102-300-A1 Samsung8N(10LP++++) 28.30 628.4 10496:328:112:328:82(82) (7) PCIe 4.0 x16 6 1395 1695 19500 24 935.8 GDDR6X 384 134.4 162.72 459.20 555.96 29.38 35.68 0.459 0.558 29.38 35.68 235.08 285.48 NaN NaN 69[125] 350 2-way NVLink NaN $1499

Lets convert the launch date to a timestamp now

df['Launch'] = pandas.to_datetime(df['Launch'])
df.info()
<class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
RangeIndex: 5 entries, 0 to 4
Data columns (total 29 columns):
 #   Column                              Non-Null Count  Dtype         
---  ------                              --------------  -----         
 0   Model                               5 non-null      object        
 1   Launch                              5 non-null      datetime64[ns]
 2   Code name                           5 non-null      object        
 3   Process                             5 non-null      object        
 4   Transistors (billion)               5 non-null      float64       
 5   Die size (mm2)                      5 non-null      float64       
 6   Core config[a]                      5 non-null      object        
 7   Bus interface                       5 non-null      object        
 8   L2 Cache(MB)                        5 non-null      int64         
 9   Base core clock (MHz)               5 non-null      int64         
 10  Boost core clock (MHz)              5 non-null      int64         
 11  Memory (MT/s)                       5 non-null      int64         
 12  Size (GiB)                          5 non-null      int64         
 13  Bandwidth (GB/s)                    5 non-null      float64       
 14  Bus type                            5 non-null      object        
 15  Bus width (bit)                     5 non-null      int64         
 16  Pixel (GP/s)                        3 non-null      object        
 17  Texture (GT/s)                      3 non-null      object        
 18  Single precision                    5 non-null      object        
 19  Double precision                    5 non-null      object        
 20  Half precision                      5 non-null      object        
 21  Tensor compute (FP16) (2:1 sparse)  4 non-null      object        
 22  Rays/s (Billions)                   0 non-null      float64       
 23  RTX OPS/s (Trillions)               0 non-null      float64       
 24  Ray Perf TFLOPS                     4 non-null      object        
 25  TDP (Watts)                         5 non-null      int64         
 26  NVLink support                      5 non-null      object        
 27  MSRP                                0 non-null      float64       
 28  Founders Edition                    5 non-null      object        
dtypes: datetime64[ns](1), float64(6), int64(7), object(15)
memory usage: 1.3+ KB

Having a valid datetime column will help with plotting graphs.

#October 29, 2020[124]
def customDateParser(x):
  dateStr = x.replace("[24]",""); 
  return pd.datetime.strptime(dateStr, "%M %d, %Y")

pd = pandas.read_html("https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nvidia_graphics_processing_units", match="10496:328:112:328:82")
pd[0].info()
<class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
RangeIndex: 5 entries, 0 to 4
Data columns (total 29 columns):
 #   Column                                                           Non-Null Count  Dtype  
---  ------                                                           --------------  -----  
 0   (Model, Model)                                                   5 non-null      object 
 1   (Launch, Launch)                                                 5 non-null      object 
 2   (Code name, Code name)                                           5 non-null      object 
 3   (Process, Process)                                               5 non-null      object 
 4   (Transistors (billion), Transistors (billion))                   5 non-null      float64
 5   (Die size (mm2), Die size (mm2))                                 5 non-null      float64
 6   (Core config[a], Core config[a])                                 5 non-null      object 
 7   (Bus interface, Bus interface)                                   5 non-null      object 
 8   (L2 Cache(MB), L2 Cache(MB))                                     5 non-null      int64  
 9   (Clock speeds, Base core clock (MHz))                            5 non-null      int64  
 10  (Clock speeds, Boost core clock (MHz))                           5 non-null      int64  
 11  (Clock speeds, Memory (MT/s))                                    5 non-null      int64  
 12  (Memory, Size (GiB))                                             5 non-null      int64  
 13  (Memory, Bandwidth (GB/s))                                       5 non-null      float64
 14  (Memory, Bus type)                                               5 non-null      object 
 15  (Memory, Bus width (bit))                                        5 non-null      int64  
 16  (Fillrate, Pixel (GP/s))                                         3 non-null      object 
 17  (Fillrate, Texture (GT/s))                                       3 non-null      object 
 18  (Processing power (TFLOPS), Single precision)                    5 non-null      object 
 19  (Processing power (TFLOPS), Double precision)                    5 non-null      object 
 20  (Processing power (TFLOPS), Half precision)                      5 non-null      object 
 21  (Processing power (TFLOPS), Tensor compute (FP16) (2:1 sparse))  4 non-null      object 
 22  (Ray-tracing Performance, Rays/s (Billions))                     0 non-null      float64
 23  (Ray-tracing Performance, RTX OPS/s (Trillions))                 0 non-null      float64
 24  (Ray-tracing Performance, Ray Perf TFLOPS)                       4 non-null      object 
 25  (TDP (Watts), TDP (Watts))                                       5 non-null      int64  
 26  (NVLink support, NVLink support)                                 5 non-null      object 
 27  (Release price (USD), MSRP)                                      0 non-null      float64
 28  (Release price (USD), Founders Edition)                          5 non-null      object 
dtypes: float64(6), int64(7), object(16)
memory usage: 1.3+ KB
pd[0]["Launch"]
  Launch
0 February 25, 2021
1 December 2, 2020
2 October 29, 2020[124]
3 September 17, 2020
4 September 24, 2020